Warner Bros. studio head Jack Warner decided to make "Calamity Jane" after he tried - and failed - to buy the movie rights to "Annie Get Your Gun" as a vehicle for Doris Day. He not only drew on another legendary "wild woman" of the Old West for his heroine, he hired the same male star, Howard Keel, who'd appeared in the film of Annie Get Your Gun (1950).
During early 1954, music from this film reigned supreme in "Billboard." Number one among the singles was a Doris Day trademark, the Oscar-winning, tender ballad, "Secret Love" (music by Sammy Fain, lyrics by Paul Francis Webster). Also, the Day-Howard Keel 10-inch LP of songs from the score, issued by Columbia Records, zoomed to second place amongst the popular albums.
'The Deadwood Stage (Whip-Crack-Away)' contains the lyric, "We'll be home tonight by the light of the silvery moon". The same year 'Calamity Jane' was released, Doris Day starred in By the Light of the Silvery Moon (1953).
The set of Deadwood City's Golden Garter saloon was also used in another 1953 Warner picture: It appeared as the 14th Street Music Hall (where an extensive sequence featuring can-can dancers took place) in the 3-D Vincent Price/Phyllis Kirk hit House of Wax.
All through the film it is hinted that Bill Hickock is in love with Calamity Jane. In several scenes he is seen to be gazing adoringly at Calamity, and also his refusal to reprimand her for insulting him. Unlike his reputation, he behaves in a gentlemanly manner all through the film.
A Columbia Records album of selections from the Sammy Fain-Paul Francis Webster film score was comprised of four songs directly from the soundtrack (supervised by Ray Heindorf), and four tunes commercially rerecorded by Doris Day alone (arranged and conducted by Paul Weston). The original 10-inch LP has been transferred to CD in Britain by Prism Platinum. In 1995, another English label, Jay Records, re-created the complete film score, adding five numbers from the 1979 British stage production.