The Oscar-winning cinematographer and director was best known for his work on movies such as The African Queen and Sons & Lovers.
He started his movie career as an actor in 1918 silent film My Son, My Son but made his breakthrough as a cinematographer 20 years later on Wings of The Morning - the first colour movie shot in Britain.
He won an Oscar for his work on Black Narcissus in 1947 and teamed up with Monroe a decade later for The Prince and the Showgirl.
Cardiff also directed the first film in Smell-o-Vision, Scent of Mystery in 1960 and cult movie Girl on A Motorcycle in 1968.
He was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 2000 and was presented with an Honorary Oscar in 2001.