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Miklós Jancsó Poster

Biography

Jump to: Overview (2)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Spouse (3)  | Trade Mark (5)  | Trivia (9)

Overview (2)

Born in Vac, Hungary
Died in Budapest, Hungary

Mini Bio (1)

Miklos Jancsó was born in 1921 in Vac, Hungary. His mother Angela Poparada was Romanian and his father Sandor Jancsó Hungarian. Jancsó received a degree in Law from the University of Cluj-Napoca in 1944. After fighting in WWII and a brief period as a POW, he chose to join the Film and Theater Academy in Budapest, and graduated with a diploma in Film Directing in 1950. His fifth feature film The Round-Up (1966) was a huge hit domestically and internationally and is often considered a significant work of world cinema. Hungarian film critic Zoltan Fabri called it "perhaps the best Hungarian film ever made." Film critic Derek Malcolm included the film in his list of the 100 greatest films ever made. In Hungary, it was seen by over a million people (in a country with a population of 10 million). His next film The Red and the White (1967) became Jancsó's biggest success internationally. It won for example the 'Best Foreign Film' award from the French Syndicate of Cinema Critics. In his following films he developed a personal style of historical analysis using complex camera movements, dance and popular songs, creating his own cinematic style he called "political musical". The long takes became a trademark of Jancsó, so for example the 80-minute long Winter Wind (1969) consists of only 12 shots. Jancsó received the 'Best Director' award at the Cannes Film Festival 1972 for the film Red Psalm (1972). During the 1970s, Jancsó divided his time between Italy and Hungary and made a number of films in Italy, the best known of which is Private Vices, Public Pleasures (1976). At that time, his films Hungarian Rhapsody (1979) and Allegro barbaro (1979) were the most expensive to have been produced in Hungary, but the critical reaction was muted. Jancsó was awarded the Career Golden Lion at the Venice Film festival in 1990. After little success and a long break Jancsó returned with The Lord's Lantern in Budapest (1999), which proved to a be a surprising comeback for the director. This success led to a succession of 5 more Pepe (Zoltán Mucsi) and Kapa (Péter Scherer) films, the last in 2006. Jancsó also cemented his reputation by making appearances in a number of films, for example as himself in his Pepe and Kapa films and in guest roles in works by up-and-coming Hungarian directors. Jancsó died of lung cancer on 31 January 2014, aged 92. Fellow Hungarian director Béla Tarr called Jancsó "the greatest Hungarian film director of all time" and acknowledged Jancsó's influence on his own work.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Volker Boehm

Spouse (3)

Zsuzsa Csákány (1981 - 31 January 2014) ( his death) ( 1 child)
Marta Meszaros (1958 - 1968) ( divorced)
Katalin Wowesznyi (21 December 1949 - ?) ( divorced) ( 2 children)

Trade Mark (5)

Screenplay by Gyula Hernádi.
The characters of Kapa (Zoltán Mucsi) and Pepe (Péter Scherer) appear in 6 of his late films.
Present-day politics and problems allegorized in historical subjects.
Cinematography by János Kende.
Long shots with complex camera movements and a duration of several minutes.

Trivia (9)

Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. "World Film Directors, Volume Two, 1945-1985". Pages 465-473. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1988.
Father of three: Nyika Jancsó (b. 1952), Katalin Jancsó (b. 1955), Dávid Jancsó (b. 1982). He also adopted Márta Mészáros's son, Zoltán Jancsó.
Member of the 'Official Competition' jury at the 20th Cannes International Film Festival in 1967.
His films The Red and the White (1967) and Red Psalm (1972) are featured in the book "1001 Films You Must See Before You Die".
Member of the 'Official Competition' jury at the 15th Moscow International Film Festival in 1987.
His family was part of the minor nobility based in Transylvania, which used to be Hungarian territory but was handed over to Romania after WWI.
'Golden Lion Honorary Award' for his whole career at the 47th Venice International Film Festival in 1990.
Held a teaching position at Filmmüvészeti Föiskola Színházmüvészeti in Budapest, and from 1990 to 1992 at Harvard University.
Retrospective at the 34th Bergamo Film Meeting (5 - 13 March 2016) for "the great master of Hungarian cinema". The retrospective is carried out in collaboration with Magyar Nemzeti Digitális Archívum és Filmintézet, to celebrate the digital restoration of his films.[2016].

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