DIRECTORSby tonitkupi | created - 7 months ago | updated - 1 week ago | Public
Director | Psycho
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and ...
THE 39 STEPS (1935)
SECRET AGENT (1936)
FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT (1940)
THE PARADINE CASE (1947)
STRANGERS ON A TRAIN (1951)
REAR WINDOW (1954)
DIAL M FOR MURDER (1954)
THE WRONG MAN (1956)
NORTH BY NORTHWEST (1959)
THE BIRDS (1963)
5 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: REBECCA (1940) LIFEBOAT (1944) SPELLBOUND (1945) REAR WINDOW (1954) PSYCHO (1960) 1968 MEMORIAL AWARD
Director | 2001: A Space Odyssey
Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would ...
KILLER'S KISS (1955)
THE KILLING (1956)
PATHS OF GLORY (1957)
DR. STRANGELOVE OR: (1964)
2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (1968)
A CLOCKWORK ORANGE (1971)
BARRY LYNDON (1975)
THE SHINING (1980)
FULL METAL JACKET (1987)
EYES WIDE SHUT (1999)
1 OSCAR 12 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: DR.STRANGELOVE OR (1964) 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (1968) A CLOCKWORK ORANGE (1971) BARRY LYNDON (1975) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: DR.STRANGELOVE OR (1964) A CLOCKWORK ORANGE (1971) BARRY LYNDON (1975) FULL METAL JACKET (1987) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (1968) PICTURE: DR.STRANGELOVE OR (1964) A CLOCKWORK ORANGE (1971) BARRY LYNDON (1975) EFECTS, SPECIAL VISUAL EFFECTS 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (1968) #
3. Billy Wilder
Writer | The Apartment
Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929 and wrote scripts for many ...
THE LOST WEEKEND (1945)
SUNSET BOULEVARD (1950)
THE SEVEN YEAR ITCH (1955)
WITNESS FOR THE PROSECUTION (1957)
LOVE IN THE AFTERNOON (1957)
SOME LIKE IT HOT (1959)
THE APARTMENT (1960)
ONE, TWO, THREE (1961)
THE FRONT PAGE (1974)
6 OSCAR 15 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: DOUBLE INDEMNITY (1944) THE LOST WEEKEND (1945) # SUNSET BLVD (1950) STALAG 17 (1953) SABRINA (1954) WITNESS FOR THE PROSECUTION (1957) SOME LIKE IT HOT (1959) THE APARTMENT (1960) # ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: NINOTCHKA (1939) HOLD BACK THE DAWN (1941) DOUBLE INDEMNITY (1944) THE LOST WEEKEND (1945) # A FOREIGN AFFAIR (1948) SABRINA (1954) SOME LIKE IT HOT (1959) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: BALL OF FIRE (1941) SUNSET BLVD (1950) # ACE IN THE HOLE (1951) THE APARTMENT (1960) # THE FURTUNE COOKIE (1966) PICTURE: THE APARTMENT (1960) # 1988 MEMORIAL AWARD
Director | Taxi Driver
Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later ...
TAXI DRIVER (1976)
RIGING BULL (1980)
THE COLOR OF MONEY (1986)
CAPE FEAR (1991)
THE AGE OF INNOCENCE (1993)
GANGS OF NEW YOUR (2002)
THE AVIATOR (2004)
THE DEPARTED (2006)
SHUTTER ISLAND (2010)
THE WOLF OF WALL STREET (2013)
1 OSCAR 11 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: RAGING BULL (1980) THE LAST TEMPTATION OF CHRIST (1988) GOODGELLAS (1990) GANGS OF NEW YORK (2002) THE AVIATOR (2004) THE DEPARTED (2006) # HUGO (2011) THE WOLF OF WALL STREET (2013) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: GOODGELLAS (1990) THE AGE OF INNOCENCE (1993) PICTURE: HUGO (2011) THE WOLF OF WALL STREET (2013)
Producer | Schindler's List
One of the most influential personalities in the history of cinema, Steven Spielberg is Hollywood's best known director and one of the wealthiest filmmakers in the world. He has an extraordinary number of commercially successful and critically acclaimed credits to his name, either as a director, ...
CLOSE ENCOUNTERS OF THE THIRD KIND (1977)
RAIDERS OF THE LOST ARK (1981)
E.T. THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL (1982)
INDIANA JONES AND THE TEMPLE OF DOOM (1984)
THE COLOR PURPLE (1985)
EMPIRE OF THE SUN (1987)
INDIAN JONES AND THE LAST CRUSADE (1989)
SCHINDLER'S LIST (1993)
JURASSIC PARK (1993)
THE LOST WORLD: JURASSIC PARK (1997)
SAVING PRIVATE RYAN (1998)
A.I. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (2001)
CATCH ME IF YOU CAN (2002)
MINORITY REPORT (2002)
THE TERMINAL (2004)
WAR OF THE WORLDS (2005)
INDIAN JONES AND THE KINGDOM OF THE CRYSTAL SKULL (2008)
WAR HORSE (2011)
THE ADVENTURES OF TINTIN (2011)
BRIDGE OF SPIES (2015)
THE POST (2017)
READY PLAYER ONE (2018)
3 OSCAR 14 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: CLOSE ENCOUNTERS OF THE THIRD KIND (1977) RAIDERS OF THE LOST ARK (1981) E.T. THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL (1982) SCHINDLER'S LIST (1993) # SAVING PRIVATE RYAN (1998) # MUNICH (2005) LINCOLN (2012) PICTURE: E.T. THE EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL (1982) THE COLOR PURPLE (1985) SCHINDLER'S LIST (1993) # SAVING PRIVATE RYAN (1998) MUNICH (2005) LETTERS FROM IWO JIMA (2007) WAR HORSE (2011) LINCOLN (2012) BRIDGE OF SPIES (2015) THE POST (2017) 1987 MEMORIAL AWARD
Writer | Reservoir Dogs
Quentin Jerome Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. His father, Tony Tarantino, is an Italian-American actor and musician from New York, and his mother, Connie (McHugh), is a nurse from Tennessee. Quentin moved with his mother to Torrance, California, when he was four years old.
In January of...
RESERVEROIR DOGS (1992)
PULP FICTION (1994)
FOUR ROOMS (1995)
JACKIE BROWN (1997)
KILL BILL: VOL.1 (2003)
KILL BILL: VOL.2 (2004)
INGLOURIOUS BASTERDS (2009)
DJANGO UNCHAINED (2011)
THE HATEFUL EIGHT (2015)
2 OSCAR 3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: PULP FICTION (1994) INGLOURIOUS BASTERDS (2009) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: PULP FICTION (1994) # INGLOURIOUS BASTERDS (2009) DJANGO UNCHAINED (2012) #
7. Ridley Scott
Producer | The Martian
Described by film producer Michael Deeley as "the very best eye in the business", director Ridley Scott was born on November 30, 1937 in South Shields, Tyne and Wear (then County Durham). His father was an officer in the Royal Engineers and the family followed him as his career posted him ...
BLADE RUNNER (1982)
G.I. JANE (1997)
BLACK HAWK DOWN (2001)
MATCHISTICK MEN (2003)
KINGDOM OF HEAVEN (2005)
A GOOD YEAR (2006)
AMERICAN GANGSTER (2007)
BODY OF LIES (2008)
ROBIN HOOD (2010)
THE COUNSELOR (2013)
EXODUS: GODS AND KINGS (2014)
THE MARTIAN (2015)
ALL THE MONEY IN THE WORLD (2017)
4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THELMA & LOUISE (1991) GLADIATOR (2000) BLACK HAWK DOWN (2001) PICTURE: THE MARTIAN (2015)
Producer | Apocalypse Now
Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola (née Pennino), had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated ...
THE GODFATHER (1972)
THE CONVERSATION (1974)
THE GODFATHER PART II (1974)
APOCALYPSE NOW (1979)
THE GODFATHER PART III (1990)
5 OSCAR 10 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE GODFATHER (1972) THE GODFATHER II (1974) # APOCALYPSE NOW (1979) THE GODFATHER III (1990) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: PATTON (1970) # THE CONVERSTAION (1974) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE GODFATHER (1972) # THE GODFATHER II (1974) # APOCALYPSE NOW (1979) PICTURE: THE GODFATHER (1972) # AMERICAN GRAFFII (1973) THE CONVERSTAION (1974) THE GODFATHER II (1974) # APOCALYPSE NOW (1979) THE GODFATHER III (1990) 2011 MEMORIAL AWARD
Director | Ben-Hur
William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as the...
ROMAN HOLIDAY (1953)
HOW TO STEAL A MILLION (1966)
FUNNY GIRL (1968)
3 OSCAR 12 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: DODSWORTH (1936) WUTHERING HEIGHTS (1939) THE LETTER (1940) THE LITTLE FOXES (1941) MRS. MINIVER (1942) # THE BEST YEARS OF OUR LIVES (1946) # THE HEIRESS (1949) DETECTIVE STORY (1952) ROMAN HOLIDAY (1953) FRIENDLY PERSUASION (1956) BEN-HUR (1959) # THE COLLECTOR (1965) PICUTRE: THE HEIRESS (1949) ROMAN HOLIDAY (1953) FRIENDLY PERSUASION (1956) 1966 MEMORIAL AWARD
10. George Cukor
Director | My Fair Lady
George Cukor was born on July 7, 1899 in Lower East Side, Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA as George Dewey Cukor. He is known for his work on My Fair Lady (1964), The Philadelphia Story (1940) and Les Girls (1957). He died on January 24, 1983 in Beverly Grove, Los Angeles, California, USA.
THE PHILADELPHIA STORY (1940)
MY FAIR LADY (1964)
1 OSCAR 4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: LITTLE WOMEN (1933) THE PHILADELPHIA STORY( 1940) A DOUBLE LIFE (1947) BORN YESTERDAY (1950) MY FARI LADY (1964) #
11. Elia Kazan
Director | On the Waterfront
Known for his creative stage direction, Elia Kazan was born Elias Kazantzoglou on September 7, 1909 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey). Noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors, he directed 21 actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He ...
GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT (1947)
A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE (1951)
2 OSCAR 5 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: GENTLEMAN'S AGREEMENT (1947) # A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE (1951) ON THE WATERFRONT (1954) # EAST OF EDEN (1955) AMERICA AMERICA (1963) ORIGINAL SCRENPLAY: AMERICA AMERICA (1963) PICTURE: AMERICA AMERICA (1963) 1999 HONORARY AWARD
12. John Huston
Director | The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry was English,...
THE MALTESE FALCON (1941)
THE AFRICAN QUEEN (1951)
PRIZZ'S HONOR (1985)
2 OSCAR 13 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE TREASUR OF THE SIERRA MADRE (1948) # THE ASPHALT JUNGLE (1950) THE AFRICAN QUEEN (1951) MOULIN ROUGE (1952) PRIZZI'S HONOR (1985) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: DR. ELRICH'S MAGIC BULLET (1940) SERGEANT YORK (1941) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE MALTESE FALON (1941) THE TREASUR OF THE SIERRA MADRE (1948) # THE ASPHALT JUNGLE (1950) THE AFRICAN QUEEN (1951) HEAVEN KNOWS, MR. ALLISON (1957) THE MAN WHO WOULD BE KING (1975) SUPPORTING: THE CARDINAL (1963) PICTURE: MOULIN ROUGE (1952)
13. Frank Capra
Director | It's a Wonderful Life
One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you ...
IT HAPPENED ONE NIGHT (1934)
MR. SMITH GOES TO WASHINGTON (1939)
IT'S A WONDERFUL LIFE (1946)
3 OSCAR 3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: LADY FOR A DAY (1933) IT HAPPENED ONE NIGHT (1934) # MR. DEEDS GOES TO TOWN (1936) YOU CAN'T TAKE IT WITH YOU (1938) # MR. SMITH GOES TO WASHINGTON (1939) # IT'S A WONDERFUL LIFE (1946)
14. John Ford
Director | The Quiet Man
John Ford came to Hollywood following one of his brothers, an actor. Asked what brought him to Hollywood, he replied "The train". He became one of the most respected directors in the business, in spite of being known for his westerns, which were not considered "serious" film. He won six Oscars, ...
THE GRAPES OF WRATH (1940)
4 OSCAR 2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE INFORMER (1935) # STAGECOACH (1939) THE GRAPES OF WRATH (1940) # HOW GREEN WAS MY VALLEY (1941) # THE QUIET MAN (1952) # PICTURE: THE QUIET MAN (1952)
15. Orson Welles
Actor | Citizen Kane
His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was six) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr. ...
CITIZEN KANE (1941)
1 OSCAR 2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: CITIZEN KANE (1941) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: CITIZEN KANE (1941) # LEADING: CITIZEN KANE (1941) 1971 HONORARW AWARD
16. John Sturges
Director | The Great Escape
John Sturges was born on January 3, 1910 in Oak Park, Illinois, USA as John Elliott Sturges. He was a director and producer, known for The Great Escape (1963), The Magnificent Seven (1960) and Bad Day at Black Rock (1955). He was married to Katherine Helena Soules and Dorothy Lynn Brooks. He died ...
THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN (1960)
THE GREAT ESCAPE (1963)
1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: BAD DAY A BLACK ROCK (1955)
17. Howard Hawks
Director | Red River
What do the classic films Scarface (1932), Twentieth Century (1934), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and Rio Bravo (1959) have in...
RIO BRAVO (1959)
1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: SERGEANT YOUR (1941) 1975 HONORARY AWARD
18. Victor Fleming
Director | Gone with the Wind
Victor Fleming entered the film business as a stuntman in 1910, mainly doing stunt driving - which came easy to him, as he had been a mechanic and professional race-car driver. He became interested in working on the other side of the camera, and eventually got a job as a cameraman on many of the ...
GONE WITH THE WIND (1939)
THE WIZARD OF OZ (1939)
1 OSCAR GONE WITH THE WIND (1939) #
19. Otto Preminger
Director | Anatomy of a Murder
Otto Ludwig Preminger was born in Wiznitz, Bukovina, Austria-Hungary. His father was a prosecutor, and Otto originally intended to follow his father into a law career; however, he fell in love with the theater and became a stage director. He directed his first film in 1931, and came to the US in ...
ANATOMY OF A MURDER (1959)
3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: LAURA (1944) THE CARDINAL (1963) PICTURE: ANATOMY OF A MURDER (1959)
20. Michael Curtiz
Director | Casablanca
Curtiz began acting in and then directing films in his native Hungary in 1912. After WWI, he continued his filmmaking career in Austria and Germany and into the early 1920s when he directed films in other countries in Europe. Moving to the US in 1926, he started making films in Hollywood for Warner...
A BREATH OF SCANDAL (1960)
1 OSCAR 4 NOMINATIONS CAPTAIN BLOOD (1935) FOUR DAUGHTERS (1938) ANGELS WITH DIRY FACES (1938) YANKEE DOODLE DANDY (1942) CASABLANCA (1942) #
21. George Stevens
Director | Giant
George Stevens, a filmmaker known as a meticulous craftsman with a brilliant eye for composition and a sensitive touch with actors, is one of the great American filmmakers, ranking with John Ford, William Wyler and Howard Hawks as a creator of classic Hollywood cinema, bringing to the screen ...
2 OSCAR 7 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE MORE THE MERRIER (1943) A PLACE IN THE SUN (1951) # SHANE (1953) GIANT (1956) # THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK (1959) PICTURE: A PLACE IN THE SUN (1951) SHANE (1953) GIANT (1956) THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK (1959) 1954 MEMORIAL AWARD
22. Fred Zinnemann
Director | A Man for All Seasons
Initially grew up wanting to be a violinist, but while at the University of Vienna decided to study law. While doing so, he became increasingly interested in American film and decided that was what he wanted to do. He became involved in European filmaking for a short time before going to America to...
4 OSCAR 6 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE SEARCH (1948) HIGH MOON (1952) FROM HERE TO ETERNITY (1953) # THE NUN'S STORY (1959) THE SUNDOWNERS (1960) A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS (1966) # JULIA (1977) DOCUMENTARY: BENJY (1951) # PICTURE: THE SUNDOWNERS (1960) A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS (1966) #
23. Mike Nichols
Director | The Graduate
He, along with the other members of the "Compass Players" including Elaine May, Paul Sills, Byrne Piven, Joyce Hiller Piven and Edward Asner helped start the famed "Second City Improv" company. They used the games taught to them by fellow cast mate, Paul Sills 's mother, Viola Spolin. He later ...
WHO'S AFRAID OF VIRGINIA WOOLF? (1966)
THE GRADUATE (1967)
CHARLIE WILSON'S WAR (2007)
1 OSCAR 4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: WHO'S AFRAID OF VIRGINIA WOOLF? (1966) THE GRADUATE (1967) # SILKWOOD (1983) WORKING GIRL (1988) PICTURE: THE REMAINS OF THE DAY (1993)
24. Sidney Lumet
Director | 12 Angry Men
Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although ...
12 ANGRY MAN (1957)
MURDER ON THE ORIENT EXPRESS (1974)
DOG DAY AFTERNOON (1975)
A STRANGER AMONG US (1992)
5 NOMINATIONS: DIRECTOR: 12 ANGRY MEN (1957) DOG DAY AFTERNOON (1975) NETWORK (1976) THE VERDICT (1982) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: PRICNE OF THE CITY (1981) 2005 HONORARY AWARD
25. Stanley Kramer
Producer | Judgment at Nuremberg
Stanley Kramer was born on September 29, 1913 in Hell's Kitchen [now Clinton], Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA as Stanley Earl Abramson. He is known for his work on Judgment at Nuremberg (1961), Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967) and On the Beach (1959). He was married to Karen Sharpe, ...
JUDGMENT AT NUREMBERG (1961)
IT'S A MAD MAD MAD MAD WORDL (1963)
GUESS WHO'S COMING TO DINNER (1967)
9 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE DEFIANT ONES (1958) JUDGMENT AT NUREMBERG (1961) GUESS WHO'S COMING TO DINNER (1967) PICTURE: HIGN NOON (1952) THE CAINE MUTINY (1954) THE DEFIANT ONES (1958) JUDGMENT AT NUREMBERG (1961) SHIP OF FOOLS (1965) GUESS WHO'S COMING TO DINNER (1967) 1962 MEMORIAL AWARD
26. David Lean
Director | Lawrence of Arabia
An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon on March 25, 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s, he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding ...
THE BRIDGE ON THE RIVER KWAI (1957)
DOCTOR ZHIVAGO (1965)
LAWRENCE OF ARABIA (1962)
2 OSCAR 9 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: BRIEF ENCOUNTER (1945) GREAT EXPECTATIONS (1946) SUMMERTIME (1955) THE BRIDGE ON THE RIVER KWAI (1957) # LAWRENCE OF ARABIA (1962) # DOCTOR ZGIVAGO (1965) A PASSAGE TO INDIA (1984) FILM EDITHING: A PASSAGE TO INDIA (1984) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: BRIEF ENCOUNTER (1945) GREAT EXPECTATIONS (1946) A PASSAGE TO INDIA (1984)
27. George Roy Hill
Director | The Sting
George Roy Hill was never able to 'hit it off' with the critics despite the fact that 2 of his films - Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), and The Sting (1973) - had remained among the top 10 box office hits by 1976. His work was frequently derided as 'impersonal' or lacking in stylistic ...
BUTCH CASSIDY AND THE SUNDANCE KID (1969)
THE STING (1973)
THE GREAT WALDO PEPPER (1975)
1 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: BUTCH CASSIDY AND THE SUNDANCE KID (1969) THE STING (1973) #
28. Cecil B. DeMille
Producer | The Ten Commandments
His parents Henry C. DeMille and Beatrice DeMille were playwrights. His father died when he was 12, and his mother supported the family by opening a school for girls and a theatrical company. Too young to enlist in the Spanish-American War, Cecil followed his brother William C. de Mille to the New ...
1 OSCAR 2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE GREATEST SHOW ON EARTH (1952) PICTURE: THE GREATEST SHOW ON EARTH (1952) # THE TEN COMMANDMENTS (1956) 1953 MEMORIAL AWARD 1950 HONORARY AWARD
Director | An American in Paris
Born Lester Anthony Minnelli in Chicago on February 28 1903, his father Vincent was a musical conductor of the Minnelli Brothers' Tent Theater. Wanting to pursue an artistic career, Minelli worked in the costume department of the Chicago Theater, then on Broadway during the depression as a set ...
AN AMERICAN IN PARIS (1951)
THE BAD AND THE BEAUTIFUL (1952)
1 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: AN AMERICAN IN PARIS (1951) # GIGI (1958)
30. Stanley Donen
Director | Charade
Inspired by Fred Astaire's dancing in Flying Down to Rio (1933), Stanley Donen (pronounced 'Dawn-en') attended dance classes from the age of ten. He later recalled that the only thing he wanted to be was a tap dancer.
He was born in Columbia, South Carolina, to Helen Pauline (Cohen) and Mordecai ...
SINGIN' IN THE RAIN (1952)
1998 HONORARY AWARD
Writer | All About Eve
Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on February 11, 1909, Joseph Leo Mankiewicz first worked for the movies as a translator of intertitles, employed by Paramount in Berlin, the UFA's American distributor at the time (1928). He became a dialoguist, then a screenwriter on numerous Paramount ...
ALL ABOUT EVE (1950)
4 OSCAR 6 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: A LETTER TO THREE WIVES (1949) # ALL ABOUT EVE (1950) # 5 FINGERS (1952) SLEUTH (1972) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: SKIPPY (1930) A LETTER TO THREE WIVES (1949) # ALL ABOUT EVE (1950) # ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: NO WAY OUT (1950) THE BAREFOOT CONTESSA (1954) PICTURE: THE PHILADEPHIA STORY (1940)
32. Robert Wise
Director | West Side Story
Robert Earl Wise was born on September 10, 1914 in Winchester, Indiana, the youngest of three sons of Olive R. (Longenecker) and Earl Waldo Wise, a meat packer. His parents were both of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent. At age nineteen, the avid moviegoer came into the film business through an ...
WEST SIDE STORY (1961)
THE SOUND OF MUSIC (1965)
4 OSCAR 3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: I WANT TO LIVE! (1958) WEST SIDE STORY (1961) # THE SOUND OF MUSIC (1965) # FILM EDITHING: CITIZE KANE (1941) PICTURE: WEST SIDE STORY (1961) # THE SOUND OF MUSIC (1965) # THE SAND PEBBLES (1966) 1967 MEMORIAL AWARD
33. Akira Kurosawa
Writer | Kakushi-toride no san-akunin
After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata (1943). Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater...
SEVEN SAMURAI (1954)
THRONE OF BLOOD (1957)
THE HIDDEN FORTESS (1958)
1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: RAN (1985) 1990 HONORARY AWARD
34. Ingmar Bergman
Writer | Smultronstället
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions (1992) is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions (1996) is the ...
WILD STRAWBERRIES (1957)
THE SEVENTH SEAL (1957)
CRIES AND WHISPERS (1972)
9 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: CRIES AND WHISPERS (1974) FACE TO FACE (1977) FANNY AND ALEXANDER (1983) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: WILD STRAWBERRIES (1957) THROUGH A GLASS DARKLY (1961) CRIES AND WHISPERS (1974) AUTUMN SONATA (1979) FANNY AND ALEXANDER (1983) PICTURE: CRIES AND WHISPERS (1974) 1971 MEMORIAL AWARD
35. Sergio Leone
Writer | Once Upon a Time in America
Sergio Leone was virtually born into the cinema - he was the son of Roberto Roberti (A.K.A. Vincenzo Leone), one of Italy's cinema pioneers, and actress Bice Valerian. Leone entered films in his late teens, working as an assistant director to both Italian directors and U.S. directors working in ...
A FISTFUL OF DOLLARS (1964) FOR A FEW DOLLARS MORE (1965) THE GOOD, THE BAD AND THE UGLY (1966) ONCE UPON A TIME IN THE WEST (1968) ONCE UPON A TIME IN AMERICA (1984)
36. Federico Fellini
Writer | Amarcord
The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the ...
THE NIGHTS OF CABIRIA (1957)
12 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: LA DOLCE VITA (1960) 8½ (1962) FELLINI SATYRICON (1969) AMARCORD (1973) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: FELLINI'S CASANOVA (1975) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: ROME, OPEN CITY (1945) PAISAN (1948) LA STRADA (1955) I VITELLONI (1956) LA DOLCE VITA (1960) 8½ (1962) AMARCORD (1973) 1993 HONORARY AWARD
37. Andrei Tarkovsky
Writer | Solyaris
The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood (1962), which ...
ANDREI RUBLEV (1966) THE MIRROR (1975) STALKER (1979)
Director | Leviafan
Andrei Zvyagintsev is a Russian filmmaker and was born on Feb.6, 1964 in the siberian city of Novisibirsk. He graduated from the Novosibirsk Actors School in 1984 and started to act on stage in provincial theatres. In the early 1990s he came to Moscow - the centre of the Russian film industry - ...
39. Milos Forman
Director | One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Milos Forman was born Jan Tomas Forman in Caslav, Czechoslovakia, to Anna (Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor. During World War II, his parents were taken away by the Nazis, after being accused of participating in the underground resistance. His father died in ...
ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO'S NEST (1975)
THE PEOPLE VS. LARRY FLYNT (1996)
2 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO'S NEST (1975) # AMADEUS (1984) # THE PEOPLE VS. LARRY FLYNT (1996)
40. Roman Polanski
Actor | Chinatown
Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933.
His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years ...
THE PIANIST (2002)
THE GHOST WRITER (2010)
1 OSCAR 4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: CHINATOWN (1974) TESS (1979) THE PIANIST (2002) # ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: ROSEMARY'S BABY (1968) PICTURE: THE PIANIST (2002)
Writer | Trois couleurs: Bleu
Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Przejscie podziemne (1974) (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personnel (...
THE DOUBLE LIFE OF VERONIQUE (1991)
TROIS COULEURS: BLUE (1993)
TROIS COULEURS: BLANC (1994)
TROIS COULEURS: ROUGE (1994)
2 NOMINATIONS: DIRECTOR: TROIS COULEURS: ROUGE (1994) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: TROIS COULEURS: ROUGE (1994)
Director | Missing
Costa-Gavras was born on February 12, 1933 in Loutra-Iraias, Greece as Konstantinos Gavras. He is a director and writer, known for Missing (1982), Amen. (2002) and Z (1969). He has been married to Michèle Ray-Gavras since 1968. They have two children.
MAD CITY (1997)
1 OSCAR 2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: Z (1969) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: Z (1969) MISSING (1982)
43. Pedro Almodóvar
Writer | Hable con ella
The most internationally acclaimed Spanish filmmaker since Luis Buñuel was born in a small town (Calzada de Calatrava) in the impoverished Spanish region of La Mancha. He arrived in Madrid in 1968, and survived by selling used items in the flea-market called El Rastro. Almodóvar couldn't study ...
PEPI, LUCI, BOM AND OTHER GIRLS LIKE MOM (1980)
WHAT HAVE I DONE TO DESERVE THIS? (1984)
LAW OF DESIRE (1987)
WOMEN ON THE VERGE OF A NERVOUS BREAKDOWN (1988)
TIE ME UP! TIE ME DOWN! (1989)
HIGH HEELS (1991)
THE FLOWER OF MY SECRET (1995)
LIVE FLESH (1997)
ALL ABOUT MY MOTHER (1999)
TALK TO HER (2002)
BAD EDUCATION (2004)
BROKEN EMBRACES (2009)
THE SKIN I LIVE IN (2011)
PAIN AND GLORY (2019)
1 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: TALK TO HER (2002) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: TALK TO HER (2002) #
44. Wim Wenders
Director | Der Himmel über Berlin
Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, which then was located in the British Occupation Zone of what became the Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany, known colloquially as West Germany until ...
PARIS, TEXAS (1984)
DER HIMMEL UBER BERLIN (1987)
3 NOMINATIONS: DOCUMENTARY: BUENA VISTA SOCIAL CLUB (1999) PINA (2011) THE SALT OF THE EARTH (2014)
Writer | The Last Emperor
Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films were known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film Accattone (1961) and directed The Grim Reaper (...
THE CONFORMIST (1970)
LAST TANGO IN PARIS (1972)
THE LAST EMPEROR (1987)
STEALING BEAUTY (1996)
THE DREAMERS (2003)
2 OSCAR 2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: LAST TANGO IN PARIS (1972) THE LAST EMPEROR (1987) # ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE CONFORMIST (1970) THE LAST EMPEROR (1987) #
46. Luis Buñuel
Writer | El ángel exterminador
The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...
2 NOMINATIONS ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THAT OBSCURE OBJECT OF DESIRE (1977) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: THE DISCREET CHARM OF THE BOURGEOISIE (1972)
Writer | La nuit américaine
French director François Truffaut began to assiduously go to the movies at age seven. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who became his protector. Bazin helped the ...
THE 400 BLOWS (1959)
THE LAST METRO (1980)
3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: DAY FOR NIGHT (1973) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: THE 400 BLOWS (1959) DAY FOR NIGHT (1973)
Writer | Salò o le 120 giornate di Sodoma
Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at 19, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone (1961) was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life ...
Director | Romeo and Juliet
Franco Zeffirelli was born on February 12, 1923 in Florence, Tuscany, Italy as Gian Franco Corsi Zeffirelli. He is known for his work on Romeo and Juliet (1968), La traviata (1982) and The Taming of the Shrew (1967). He died on June 15, 2019 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
ROMEO AND JULIET (1968)
2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: ROMEO AND JULIET (1968) ART DIRECTION: LA TRAVIATA (1982)
50. Vittorio De Sica
Director | Ladri di biciclette
Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee ...
BICYCLE THIEVES (1948)
1 NOMINATIONS SUPPORTING: A FAREWELL TO ARMS (1957)
51. Jean-Luc Godard
Director | Pierrot le fou
Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...
VIVRE SA VIE (1962)
UNE FEMME MARIÉE (1964)
PIERROT LE FOU (1965)
2011 HONORARY AWARD
Writer | Blowup
Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...
2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: BLOWUP (1966) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: BLOWUP (1966) 1995 HONORARY AWARD
Writer | Le salaire de la peur
Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau (1943) banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to ...
THE WAGES OF FEAR (1953)
Writer | Paisà
The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American ...
1 NOMINATIONS ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: PAISAN (1946)
55. Éric Rohmer
Director | Conte d'automne
Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, ...
1 NOMINATIONS ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: MY NIGHT AT MAUD'S (1969)
56. Robert Bresson
Writer | Au hasard Balthazar
Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs (1934) in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin (1943) in 1943. His next film, Les ...
57. Luchino Visconti
Writer | Rocco e i suoi fratelli
Luchino Visconti was born on November 2, 1906 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy as Luchino Visconti di Modrone. He was a writer and director, known for Rocco and His Brothers (1960), Death in Venice (1971) and Le Notti Bianche (1957). He died on March 17, 1976 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.
ROCCO AND HIS BROTHERS (1960)
1 NOMINATIONS: ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: THE DAMNED (1969)
Writer | Dunkirk
Best known for his cerebral, often nonlinear, storytelling, acclaimed writer-director Christopher Nolan was born on July 30, 1970 in London, England. Over the course of 15 years of filmmaking, Nolan has gone from low-budget independent films to working on some of the biggest blockbusters ever made.
BATMAN BEGINS (2005)
THE PRESTIGE (2006)
THE DARK KNIGHT (2008)
THE DARK KNIGHT RISES (2012)
5 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: DUNKIRK (2017) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: MEMENTO (2000) INCEPTION (2010) PICTURE: INCEPTION (2010) DUNKIRK (2017)
59. Clint Eastwood
Actor | Million Dollar Baby
Clint Eastwood was born May 31, 1930 in San Francisco, the son of Clinton Eastwood Sr., a manufacturing executive for Georgia-Pacific Corporation, and Ruth Wood, a housewife turned IBM operator. He had a comfortable, middle-class upbringing in nearby Piedmont. At school Clint took interest in music...
HEARTBREAK RIDGE (1986)
A PERFECT WORLD (1993)
THE BRIDGES OF MADISON COUNTY(1995)
MYSTIC RIVER (2003)
MILLION DOLLAR BABY (2004)
FLAGS OF OUR FATHERS (2006)
LETTERS FROM IWO JIMA (2006)
GRAN TORINO (2008)
AMERICAN SNIPER (2014)
THE MULE (2018)
4 OSCAR 7 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: UNFORGIVEN (1992) # MYSTIC RIVER (2003) MILLION DOLLAR BABY (2004) # LETTERS FROM IWO JIMA (2006) PICTURE: UNFORGIVEN (1992) # MYSTIC RIVER (2003) MILLION DOLLAR BABY (2004) # LETTERS FROM IWO JIMA (2006) AMERICAN SNIPER (2014) LEADING: UNFORGIVEN (1992) MILLION DOLLAR BABY (2004) 1995 MEMORIAL AWARD
60. Oliver Stone
Producer | JFK
Oliver Stone has become known as a master of controversial subjects and a legendary film maker. His films are filled with a variety of film angles and styles, he pushes his actors to give Oscar-worthy performances, and despite his failures, has always returned to success.
William Oliver Stone was ...
WALL STREET (1987)
BORN ON THE FOURTH OF JULY (1989)
WORLD TRADE CENTER (2006)
WALL STREET: MONEY NEVER SLEEPS (2010)
3 OSCAR 8 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: PLATOON (1986) # BORN ON THE FOURTH OF JULY (1989) # JFK (1991) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: MIDNIGHT EXPRESS (1978) # BORN ON THE FOURTH OF JULY (1989) JFK (1991) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: PLATOON (1986) SALVADOR (1986) NIXON (1995) PICTURE: BORN ON THE FOURTH OF JULY (1989) JFK (1991)
61. Tony Scott
Producer | Domino
Tony Scott was a British-born film director and producer. He was the youngest of three brothers, one of whom is fellow film director Ridley Scott. He was born in North Shields, Northumberland, England to parents Jean and Colonel Francis Percy Scott. As a result of his father's career in the British...
TOP GUN (1986) DEVENGE (1990) DAYS OF THUNDER (1990) TRUE ROMANCE (1993) CRIMSON TIDE (1995) THE FAN (1996) ENEMY OF THE STATE (1998) SPY GAME (2001) MAN ON FIRE (2004) DOMINO (2005) DEJA VU (2006) THE TAKING OF PELGAM 123 (2009) UNSTOPPABLE (2010)
62. Sydney Pollack
Director | Tootsie
Sydney Pollack was an Academy Award-winning director, producer, actor, writer and public figure, who directed and produced over 40 films.
Sydney Irwin Pollack was born July 1, 1934 in Lafayette, Indiana, USA, to Rebecca (Miller), a homemaker, and David Pollack, a professional boxer turned pharmacist...
OUT OF AFRICA (1985)
RANDOM HEARTS (1999)
THE INTERPRETER (2005)
2 OSCAR 5 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE SHOOT HORSES, DON'T THEY? (1969) TOOTSIE (1982) OUT OF AFRICA (1985) # PICTURE: TOOTSIE (1982) OUT OF AFRICA (1985) # MICHAEL CLAYTON (2007) THE READER (2008)
63. David Fincher
Director | Se7en
David Fincher was born in 1962 in Denver, Colorado, and was raised in Marin County, California. When he was 18 years old he went to work for John Korty at Korty Films in Mill Valley. He subsequently worked at ILM (Industrial Light and Magic) from 1981-1983. Fincher left ILM to direct TV commercials...
THE GAME (1997)
FIGHT CLUB (1999)
PANIC ROOM (2002)
THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON (2008)
THE SOCIAL NETWORK (2010)
THE GIRL WITH THE DRAGON TATTO (2011)
GONE GIRL (2014)
2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON (2008) THE SOCIAL NETWORK (2010)
64. Woody Allen
Writer | Manhattan
Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...
ANNIE HALL (1977)
MATCH POINT (2005)
VICKY CRISTINA BARCELONA (2008)
MIDNIGHT IN PARIS (2011)
MAGI IN THE MOONGLIGHT (2014)
IRATIONAL MAN (2015)
4 OSCAR 20 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: ANNIE HALL (1977) # INTERIORS (1978) BROADWAY DANNY ROSE (1984) HANNAH AND HER SISTERS (1986) CRIMS AND MISDEMEANORS (1989) BULLETS OVER BROADWAY (1994) MIDNIGHT IN PARIS (2011) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: ANNIE HALL (1977) # INTERIORS (1978) MANHATTAN (1979) BROADWAY DANNY ROSE (1984) THE PURPLE ROSE OF CAIRO (1985) HANNAH AND HER SISTERS (1986) # RADIO DAYS (1987) CRIMS AND MISDEMEANORS (1989) ALICE (1990) HUSMAND AND WIVES (1992) BULLETS OVER BROADWAY (1994) MIGHTY APHRODITE (1995) DECONSTRUCTING HARRY (1997) MATCH POINT (2005) MIDNIGHT IN PARIS (2011) # BLUE JASMINE (2013) LEADING: ANNIE HALL (1977)
65. Robert Zemeckis
Writer | Back to the Future
A whiz-kid with special effects, Robert is from the Spielberg camp of film-making (Steven Spielberg produced many of his films). Usually working with writing partner Bob Gale, Robert's earlier films show he has a talent for zany comedy (Romancing the Stone (1984), 1941 (1979)) and special effect ...
ROMANCING THE STONE (1984)
BACK TO THE FUTURE (1985)
BACK TO THE FUTURE PART II (1989)
BACK TO THE FUTURE PART II (1990)
DEATH BECOMES HER (1992)
FORREST GUMP (1994)
WHAT LIES BENEATH (2000)
CAST AWAY (2000)
THE POLAR EXPRESS (2004)
THE WALK (2015)
1 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: FORREST GUMP (1994) # ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: BACK TO THE FUTURE (1985)
66. David Lynch
Writer | Twin Peaks
Born in precisely the kind of small-town American setting so familiar from his films, David Lynch spent his childhood being shunted from one state to another as his research scientist father kept getting relocated. He attended various art schools, married Peggy Lynch and then fathered future ...
THE ELEPHANT MAN (1980)
WILD AT HEART (1990)
THE STRAIGHT STORY (1999)
4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE ELEPHANT MAN (1980) BLUE VELVET (1986) MULHOLLAND DR. (2001) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE ELEPHAN MAN (1980)
67. Jim Jarmusch
Director | Broken Flowers
Moved to New York City at the age of seventeen from Akron, Ohio. Graduated from Columbia University with a B.A. in English, class of '75. Without any prior film experience, he was accepted into the Tisch School of the Arts, New York.
GHOST DOG: THE WAY OF THE SAMURAI (1999) BROKEN FLOWERS (2005)
Director | Punch-Drunk Love
Anderson was born in 1970. He was one of the first of the "video store" generation of film-makers. His father was the first man on his block to own a V.C.R., and from a very early age Anderson had an infinite number of titles available to him. While film-makers like Spielberg cut their teeth making...
THERE WILL BE BLOOD (2007)
THE MASTER (2012)
PHANTOM THREAD (2017)
8 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THERE WILL BE BLOOD (2007) PHANTOM THREAD (2017) PICTURE: THERE WILL BE BLOOD (2007) PHANTOM THREAD (2017) ADAPDTED SCREENPLAY: THERE WILL BE BLOOD (2007) INHERENT VICE (2014) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: BOOGIE NIGHTS (1997) MAGNOLIA (1999)
69. James Cameron
Writer | Avatar
James Francis Cameron was born on August 16, 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada. He moved to the United States in 1971. The son of an engineer, he majored in physics at California State University before switching to English, and eventually dropping out. He then drove a truck to support his ...
THE TERMINATOR (1984)
TERMINATOR 2: JUDGMENT DAY (1991)
TRUE LIES (1994)
3 OSCAR 3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: TITANIC (1997) # AVATAR (2009) FILM EDITHING: TITANIC (1997) # AVATAR (2009) PICTURE: TITANIC (1997) # AVATAR (2009)
70. Brian De Palma
Director | Dressed to Kill
Brian De Palma is the son of a surgeon. He studied physics but at the same time felt his dedication for the movies and made some short films. After seven independent productions he had his first success with Sisters (1972) and his voyeuristic style. Restlessly he worked on big projects with the ...
SCARFACE (1983) THE UNTOUCHABLES (1987) CARLITO'S WAY (1993) MISSION: IMPOSSIBLE (1996) THE BLACK DAHILDA (2006)
71. George Lucas
Writer | Star Wars
George Walton Lucas, Jr. was raised on a walnut ranch in Modesto, California. His father was a stationery store owner and he had three siblings. During his late teen years, he went to Thomas Downey High School and was very much interested in drag racing. He planned to become a professional racecar ...
AMERICAN GRAFFITI (1973)
STAR WARS (1977)
STAR WARS EPISODE I (1999)
STAR WARS EPISODE II (2002)
STAR WARS EPISDOE III (2005)
4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: AMERICAN GRAFFITI (1973) STAR WARS (1977) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: AMERICAN GRAFFITI (1973) STAR WARS (1977) 1992 MEMORIAL AWARD
72. Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson was born as an only child in a small coast-side town in New Zealand in 1961. When a friend of his parents bought him a super 8 movie camera (because she saw how much he enjoyed taking photos), the then eight-year-old Peter instantly grabbed the thing to start recording his own movies,...
THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE FELLOWHIP OF THE RING (2001)
THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE TWO TOWERS (2002)
THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE RETURN OF THE KING (2003)
KING KONG (2005)
THE LOVELY BONES (2009)
THE HOBBIT: AN UNEXPECTED JOURNEY (2012)
THE HOBBIT: THE DESOLATION OF SMAUG (2013)
THE HOBBIT: THE BATTLE OF THE FIVE ARMIES (2014)
3 OSCAR 6 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE FELLOWHIP OF THE RING (2001) THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE RETURN OF THE KING (2003) # ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE FELLOWHIP OF THE RING (2001) THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE RETURN OF THE KING (2003) # ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: HEAVENLY CREATURES (1994) PICTURE: THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE FELLOWHIP OF THE RING (2001) THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE TWO TOWERS (2002) THE LORD OF THE RINGS: THE RETURN OF THE KING (2003) # DISCRICT 9 (2009)
73. Ron Howard
Actor | Arrested Development
Academy Award-winning filmmaker Ron Howard is one of this generation's most popular directors. From the critically acclaimed dramas A Beautiful Mind (2001) and Apollo 13 (1995) to the hit comedies Parenthood (1989) and Splash (1984), he has created some of Hollywood's most memorable films.
FAR AND AWAY (1992)
APOLLO 13 (1995)
HOW THE GRINCH STOLE CHRISTMAS (2000)
A BEAUTIFUL MIND (2001)
CINDERELLA MAN (2005)
THE DA VINCI CODE (2006)
ANGELS & DEMONS (2009)
IN THE HEART OG THE SEA (2015)
2 OSCAR 2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: A BEAUTIFUL MIND (2001) # FROST/NIXON (2008) PICTURE: A BEAUTIFUL MIND (2001) # FROST/NIXON (2008)
74. Frank Darabont
Writer | The Green Mile
Three-time Oscar nominee Frank Darabont was born in a refugee camp in 1959 in Montbeliard, France, the son of Hungarian parents who had fled Budapest during the failed 1956 Hungarian revolution. Brought to America as an infant, he settled with his family in Los Angeles and attended Hollywood High ...
THE SHAWSHANK REDEMPTION (1994)
THE GREEN MILE (1999)
3 NOMINATIONS ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE SHAWSHANK REDEMPTION (1994) THE GREEN MILE (1999) PICTURE: THE GREEN MILE (1999)
75. Peter Weir
Peter Weir was born on August 21, 1944 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia as Peter Lindsay Weir. He is a director and writer, known for Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003), The Way Back (2010) and Witness (1985). He has been married to Wendy Stites since 1966. They have two ...
DEAD POETS SOCIETY (1989)
THE TRUMAN SHOW (1998)
MASTER AND COMMANDER: THE FAR SIDE OF THE WORLD (2003)
THE WAY BACK (2010)
6 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: WITNES (1985) DEAD POETS SOCIETY (1989) THE TRUMAN SHOW (1998) MASTER AND COMMANDER: THE FAR SIDE OF THE WORLD (2003) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: GREEN CARD (1990) PICTURE: MASTER AND COMMANDER: THE FAR SIDE OF THE WORLD (2003)
76. Barry Levinson
Director | Rain Man
Barry Levinson was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Violet (Krichinsky) and Irvin Levinson, who worked in furniture and appliance. He is of Russian Jewish descent. Levinson graduated from high school in 1960, attended college at American University in Washington, DC. He did well, but decided he ...
GOOD MORNING, VIETNAM (1987)
RAIN MAN (1988)
1 OSCAR 5 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: RAIN MAN (1988) # BUGSY (1991) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: ...AND JUSTICE FOR ALL. (1979) DINER (1982) AVALON (1990) PICTURE: BUGSY (1991)
77. Gus Van Sant
Director | Elephant
Gus Van Sant was born on July 24, 1952 in Louisville, Kentucky, USA as Gus Greene Van Sant Junior. He is a director and producer, known for Elephant (2003), My Own Private Idaho (1991) and Drugstore Cowboy (1989).
GOOD WILL HUNTING (1997)
FINDING FORRESTER (2000)
2 NOMINATIONS: DIRECTOR: GOOD WILL HUNTING (1997) MILK (2008)
78. Edward Zwick
Producer | Thirtysomething
Edward Zwick is well-known for his heroic movies that include Glory (1989), and the breathtaking works of art that include Legends of the Fall (1994). Zwick has also been known for his thoughtfulness as a director, and for his record of working with television series and other films as a producer.
LEGENDS OF THE FALL (1994)
COURAGE UNDER FIRE (1996)
THE SIEGE (1998)
THE LAST SAMURAI (2003)
BLOOD DIAMOND (2006)
LOVE & OTHER DRUGS (2010)
1 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS PICTURE: SHAKESPEARE IN LOVE (1998) # TRAFFIC (2000)
79. Spike Lee
Director | Do the Right Thing
Spike Lee was born Shelton Jackson Lee on March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia. At a very young age, he moved from pre-civil rights Georgia, to Brooklyn, New York. Lee came from artistic, education-grounded background; his father was a jazz musician, and his mother, a schoolteacher. He attended ...
JUNGLE FEVER (1991)
MACLOLM X (1992)
HE GOT GAME (1998)
25TH HOUR (2002)
INSIDE MAN (2006)
5 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: BLAKKKLANSMAN (2018) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: DO THE RIGHT THING (1989) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: BLAKKKLANSMAN (2018) # DOCUMENTARY: 4 LITTLE GIRLS (1997) PICTURE: BLAKKKLANSMAN (2018) 2016 HONORARY AWARD
80. Rob Reiner
Actor | All in the Family
Robert Reiner was born in New York City, to Estelle Reiner (née Lebost) and Emmy-winning actor, comedian, writer, and producer Carl Reiner.
As a child, he often looked up to his father as his inspiration and role-model. Carl Reiner was on The Dick Van Dyke Show, which he created and also starred in....
STAND BY ME (1986)
THE PRINCESS BRIDE (1987)
WHEN HARRY MET SALLY (1989)
A FEW GOOD MAN (1992)
GHOSTS OF MISSISSIPPI (1996)
THE STORY OF US (1999)
RUMOR HAS IT (2005)
THE BUCKET LIST (2007)
AND SO IT GOES (2014)
1 NOMINATIONS PICTURE: A FEW GOOD MEN (1992)
81. Robert Benton
Writer | Kramer vs. Kramer
Robert Benton was born on September 29, 1932 in Waxahachie, Texas, USA as Robert Douglas Benton. He is a writer and director, known for Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), Bonnie and Clyde (1967) and Superman (1978).
KRAMER VS. KRAMER (1979)
NOBODY'S FOOL (1994)
THE HUMAN STAIN (2003)
FEAST OF LOVE(2007)
3 OSCAR 4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: KRAMER VS. KRAMER (1979) # PLACES IN THE HEART (1984) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: KRAMER VS. KRAMER (1979) # NOBODY'S FOOL (1994) ORIGNAL SCREENPLAY: BONNIE AND CLYDE (1967) THE LATE SHOW (1977) PLACES IN THE HEART (1984) #
82. Michael Mann
Producer | The Insider
A student of London's International Film School, Michael Mann began his career in the late 70s, writing for TV shows like Starsky and Hutch (1975). He directed his first film, the award-winning prison drama The Jericho Mile (1979), in 1979. He followed that in 1981 with his first theatrical release,...
THE LAST OF THE MOHICANS (1992)
THE INSIDER (1999)
PUBLIC ENEMIS (2009)
4 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE INSIDER (1999) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE INSIDER (1999) PICTURE: THE INSIDER (1999) THE AVIATOR (2004)
83. Joel Coen
Producer | The Ballad of Buster Scruggs
Joel Coen was born on November 29, 1954 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA as Joel Daniel Coen. He is a producer and writer, known for The Ballad of Buster Scruggs (2018), Fargo (1996) and A Serious Man (2009). He has been married to Frances McDormand since April 1, 1984. They have one child.
MILLER'S CROSSING (1990)
THE BIG LEBOWSKI (1998)
O BROTHER, WHERE ART THOU? (2000)
INTORLERABLE CRUELTY (2003)
THE LADYKILLERS (2004)
NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007)
BURN AFTER READING (2008)
A SERIOUS MAN (2009)
TRUE GRIT (2010)
THE BALLAD OF BUSTER SCRUGGS (2018)
4 OSCAR 11 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: FARGO (1996) NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) # TRUE FRIT (2010) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: FARGO (1996) # A SERIOUS MAN (2009) BRIDGE OF SPIES (2015) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: O BROTHER, WHERE ART THOU? (2000) NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) # TRUE FRIT (2010) THE BALLAD OF BUSTER SCRUGGS (2018) FILM EDITHING: FARGO (1996) NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) PICTURE: NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) # A SERIOUS MAN (2009) TRUE FRIT (2010)
84. Ethan Coen
Producer | The Ballad of Buster Scruggs
Ethan Coen was born on September 21, 1957 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA as Ethan Jesse Coen. He is a producer and writer, known for The Ballad of Buster Scruggs (2018), A Serious Man (2009) and Inside Llewyn Davis (2013). He has been married to Tricia Cooke since October 2, 1990. They have two ...
MILLER'S CROSSING (1990)
THE BIG LEBOWSKI (1998)
O BROTHER, WHERE ART THOU? (2000)
INTORLERABLE CRUELTY (2003)
THE LADYKILLERS (2004)
NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007)
BURN AFTER READING (2008)
A SERIOUS MAN (2009)
TRUE GRIT (2010)
THE BALLAD OF BUSTER SCRUGGS (2018)
4 OSCAR 11 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) # TRUE FRIT (2010) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: FARGO (1996) # A SERIOUS MAN (2009) BRIDGE OF SPIES (2015) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: O BROTHER, WHERE ART THOU? (2000) NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) # TRUE FRIT (2010) THE BALLAD OF BUSTER SCRUGGS (2018) FILM EDITHING: FARGO (1996) NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) PICTURE: FARGO (1996) NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN (2007) # A SERIOUS MAN (2009) TRUE FRIT (2010)
85. Lasse Hallström
Director | What's Eating Gilbert Grape
Lasse Hallström was born on June 2, 1946 in Stockholm, Stockholms län, Sweden as Lars Hallström. He is a director and writer, known for What's Eating Gilbert Grape (1993), Chocolat (2000) and The Cider House Rules (1999). He has been married to Lena Olin since March 18, 1994. They have one child. ...
WHAT'S EATING GILBERT GRAPE (1993)
THE CIDER HOUSE RULES (1999)
THE SHIPPING NEWS (2001)
AN UNFINISHED LIFE (2005)
HACHI: A DOG'S TALE (2009)
DEAR JOHN (2010)
SALMON FISHING IN THE YEMEN (2011)
A DOG'S PURPOSE (2017)
3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: MITT LIV SOM HUND (1985) THE CIDER HOUSE RULES (1999) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: MITT LIV SOM HUND (1985)
86. Nick Cassavetes
Actor | Face/Off
Nick Cassavetes was born in New York City, the son of actress Gena Rowlands and Greek-American actor and film director John Cassavetes. As a child, he appeared in two of his father's films: Husbands (1970) and A Woman Under the Influence (1974). After spending so much of his youth surrounded by the...
JONH Q (2002) THE NOTEBOOK (2004) ALPHA DOG (2006) MY SISTER'S KEEPER (2009) THE OTHER WOMAN (2014)
Writer | La migliore offerta
CINEMA PARADISO (1988) THE LEGEND OF 1900 (1998) MALENA (2000) THE BEST OFFER (2013)
88. Mel Gibson
Actor | Braveheart
Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson was born January 3, 1956 in Peekskill, New York, USA, as the sixth of eleven children of Hutton Gibson, a railroad brakeman, and Anne Patricia (Reilly) Gibson (who died in December of 1990). His mother was Irish, from County Longford, while his American-born father is ...
HACKSAW RIDGE (2016)
2 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: BRAVEHEART (1995) # HACKSAW RIDGE (2016) PICTURE: BRAVEHEART (1995) #
89. Kathryn Bigelow
Director | The Hurt Locker
A very talented painter, Kathryn spent two years at the San Francisco Art Institute. At 20, she won a scholarship to the Whitney Museum's Independent Study Program. She was given a studio in a former Offtrack Betting building, literally in an old bank vault, where she made art and waited to be ...
POINT BREAK (1991)
K-19: THE WIDOWMAKER (2002)
THE HURT LOCKER (2008)
ZERO DARK THIRTY (2012)
2 OSCAR 1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE HURT LOCKER (2008) # PICTURE: THE HURT LOCKER (2008) ZERO DARK THIRTY (2012)
90. Wes Anderson
Writer | Fantastic Mr. Fox
Wesley Wales Anderson was born in Houston, Texas. His mother, Texas Ann (Burroughs), is an archaeologist turned real estate agent, and his father, Melver Leonard Anderson, worked in advertising and PR. He has two brothers, Eric and Mel. Anderson's parents divorced when he was a young child, an ...
THE ROYAL TENENBAUMS (2001)
THE LIFE AQUATIC WITH STEVE ZISSOU (2004)
THE GRAND BUDAPEST HOTEL (2014)
7 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE GRAND BUDAPEST HOTEL (2014) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: THE ROYAL TENENBAUMS (2001) MOONRISE KINGDOM (2012) THE GRAND BUDAPEST HOTEL (2014) ANIMATED PICTURE: FANTASTIC MR.FOX (2009) ISE OF DOGS (2018) PICTURE: THE GRAND BUDAPEST HOTEL (2014)
91. Darren Aronofsky
Director | Pi
Darren Aronofsky was born February 12, 1969, in Brooklyn, New York. Growing up, Darren was always artistic: he loved classic movies and, as a teenager, he even spent time doing graffiti art. After high school, Darren went to Harvard University to study film (both live-action and animation). He won ...
REQUIEM FOR A DREAM (2000)
THE FOUNTAIN (2006)
BLACK SWAN (2010)
1 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: BLACK SWAN (2010)
92. Terrence Malick
Writer | Days of Heaven
Terrence Malick was born in Ottawa, Illinois. His family subsequently lived in Oklahoma and he went to school in Austin, Texas. He did his undergraduate work at Harvard, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in philosophy in 1965.
A member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society, he attended Magdalen ...
THE THIN RED LINE (1998)
THE NEW WORLD (2005)
THE TREE OF LIFE (2011)
3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE THIN RED LINE (1998) THE TREE OF LIFE (2011) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: THE THIN RED LINE (1998)
93. David O. Russell
Writer | American Hustle
David Owen Russell is an American film writer, director, and producer, known for a cinema of intense, tragi-comedic characters whose love of life can surpass dark circumstances faced in very specific worlds. His films address such themes as mental illness as stigma or hope; invention of self and ...
TREE KINGS (1999)
THE FIGHTER (2010)
SILVER LININGS PLAYBOOK (2012)
AMERICAN HUSTLE (2013)
5 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: THE FIGHTER (2010) SILVER LININGS PLAYBOOK (2012) AMERICAN HUSTLE (2013) ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: SILVER LININGS PLAYBOOK (2012) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: AMERICAN HUSTLE (2013)
94. Tim Burton
Producer | Edward Scissorhands
Timothy Walter Burton was born in Burbank, California, to Jean Rae (Erickson), who owned a cat-themed gift shop, and William Reed Burton, who worked for the Burbank Park and Recreation Department. He spent most of his childhood as a recluse, drawing cartoons, and watching old movies (he was ...
EDWARD SCISSORHANDS (1990)
BATMAN RETURNS (1992)
BIG FISH (2003)
2 NOMINATIONS ANIME PICTURE: CORPSE BRIDE (2005) FRANKENWEENIE (2012)
Director | Sex, Lies, and Videotape
Steven Andrew Soderbergh was born on January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, the second of six children of Mary Ann (Bernard) and Peter Soderbergh. His father was of Swedish and Irish descent, and his mother was of Italian ancestry. While he was still at a very young age, his family moved to ...
OUT OF SIGHT (1998)
ERIN BROKOVICH (2000)
OCEAN'S ELEVEN (2001)
OCEAN'S TWELVE (2004)
THE GOOD GERMAN (2006)
OCEAN'S THIRTEEN (2007)
CHE: PART ONE (2008)
CHE: PART TWO (2008)
LOGAN LUCKY (2017)
1 OSCAR 2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: ERIN BROCKOVICH (2000) # TRAFFIC (2000) ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: SEX, LIES AND VIDETAPE (1989)
96. Robert Redford
Actor | The Natural
Charles Robert Redford, Jr. was born on August 18, 1936, in Santa Monica, California, to Martha (Hart), from Texas, and Charles Robert Redford, an accountant for Standard Oil, who was originally from Connecticut. He is of English, Scottish, Cornish, and Irish ancestry. Robert's mother died in 1955,...
A RIVER RUNS THROUGH IT (1992)
QUIZ SHOW (1994)
THE LEGEND OF BAGGER VANCE (2000)
THE CONSPIRATOR (2010)
1 OSCAR 3 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: ORDINARY PEOPLE (1980) # QUIZ SHOW (1994) LEADING: THE STING (1973) PICTURE: QUIZ SHOW (1994) 2002 HONORARY AWARD
97. Alan Parker
Director | Evita
Prior to moving into film, Alan was noted as one of London's most talented advertising copywriters. He worked for the Collet Dickinson Pearce (CDP) ad agency in the 1960's and early 1970's, and began directing his own tvc scripts in their basement. Formed a partnership with David Puttnam as his ...
MIDNIGHT EXPRESS (1978)
MISSISSIPPI BURNING (1988)
THE LIFE OF DAVID GALE (2003)
2 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: MIDNIGHT EXPRESS (1978) MISSISSIPPI BURNING (1988)
98. Robert Altman
Director | Gosford Park
Robert Altman was born on February 20th, 1925 in Kansas City, Missouri, to B.C. (an insurance salesman) and Helen Altman. He entered St. Peters Catholic school at the age six, and spent a short time at a Catholic high school. From there, he went to Rockhurst High School. It was then that he started...
GOSFORD PARK (2001)
7 NOMINATIONS DIRECTOR: MASH (1970) NASHVILLE (1975) THE PLAYER (1992) SHORT CUTS (1993) GOSFORD PARK (2001) PICTURE: NASHVILLE (1975) GOSFORD PARK (2001) 2006 HONORARY AWARD
99. Charles Chaplin
Writer | The Great Dictator
Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...
THE GOLD RUSH (1925)
CITY LIGHTS (1931)
MODERN TIMES (1936)
THE GREAT DICTATOR (1940)
1 OSCAR 3 NOMINATIONS ORIGINAL SCORE: LIMELIGHT (1952) # WIN 45AWARD ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: THE GREAT DICTATOR (1940) MONSEUR VERDOUX (1947) SPECIAL AWARDS ACTING WRITING DIRECTING PRODUCING: THE CICUS (1928) LEADING: THE GREAT DICTATOR (1940) 1972 HONORARY AWARD
100. Buster Keaton
Actor | The General
Joseph Frank Keaton was born on October 4, 1895 in Piqua, Kansas, to Joe Keaton and Myra Keaton. Joe and Myra were Vaudevillian comedians with a popular, ever-changing variety act, giving Keaton an eclectic and interesting upbringing. In the earliest days on stage, they traveled with a medicine ...
1960 HONORARY AWARD