DIRETOred

by STANLEY23KUBRICK | created - 23 Apr 2018 | updated - 3 weeks ago | Public

1. Charles Walters

Director | Lili

Charles Walters was born on November 17, 1911 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York, USA. He is known for his work on Lili (1953), The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1964) and Ask Any Girl (1959). He died on August 13, 1982 in Malibu, California, USA.

# Devagar - Não Corra (1966)

# Cimarron - Jornada da Vida (1960)

# Lili (1953)

2. Carlos Sorin

Director | La película del rey

Carlos Sorin was born in 1944 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He is a director and writer, known for A King and His Movie (1986), Gone Fishing (2012) and Bombón: El Perro (2004).

O Gato Desaparce (2011)

3. Claude Berri

Writer | Jean de Florette

Claude Berri was born on July 1, 1934 in Paris, France as Claude Berel Langmann. He was a producer and actor, known for Jean de Florette (1986), The Two of Us (1967) and Hunting and Gathering (2007). He was married to Anne-Marie Rassam and Sylvie Gautrelet. He died on January 12, 2009 in Paris.

# Enfim Juntos (2007)

# A Vingança de Manon (1986)

4. Carol Reed

Director | The Third Man

Carol Reed was the second son of stage actor, dramatics teacher and impresario founder of the Royal School of Dramatic Arts Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Reed was one of Tree's six illegitimate children with Beatrice Mae Pinney, who Tree established in a second household apart from his married life. ...

# Trapézio (1956)

# Gestapo (1940)

5. Cédric Klapisch

Director | L'auberge espagnole

Cédric Klapisch was born on September 4, 1961 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France. He is a director and writer, known for L'auberge espagnole (2002), When the Cat's Away (1996) and Un air de famille (1996). He has been married to Lola Doillon since 2002. They have one child.

# Minha parte do bolo (2011)

# Paris (2008)

# Bonecas Russas (2005)

# Albergue Espanhol (2002)

6. Charles Sturridge

Director | Strike

Charles Sturridge was born on June 24, 1951 in London, England. He is a director and writer, known for C.B. Strike (2017), Churchill's Secret (2016) and The Road to Coronation Street (2010). He has been married to Phoebe Nicholls since July 6, 1985. They have three children.

# Ária (1987)

7. Chris Marker

Writer | Twelve Monkeys

Chris Marker was born on July 29, 1921 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France as Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve. He was a director and writer, known for Twelve Monkeys (1995), Sans Soleil (1983) and Third Side of the Coin (1960). He died on July 29, 2012 in Paris, France.

# A Plataforma (1962)

8. Christophe Honoré

Writer | Plaire, aimer et courir vite

Christophe Honoré was born on April 10, 1970 in Carhaix-Plouguer, Finistère, France. He is a writer and director, known for Sorry Angel (2018), Love Songs (2007) and The Beautiful Person (2008).

# Bem Amadas (2011)

# A Bela Junie (2008)

# Em Paris (2006)

9. Christoffer Boe

Writer | Reconstruction

Christoffer Boe was born on May 7, 1974 in Rungsted Kyst, Denmark. He is a writer and director, known for Reconstruction (2003), Beast (2011) and Everything Will be Fine (2010).

# Reconstrução de um Amor (2003)

10. Christopher Nolan

Writer | Dunkirk

Best known for his cerebral, often nonlinear, storytelling, acclaimed writer-director Christopher Nolan was born on July 30, 1970 in London, England. Over the course of 15 years of filmmaking, Nolan has gone from low-budget independent films to working on some of the biggest blockbusters ever made.

...

# O Grande Truque (2006)

11. Claude Chabrol

Director | Le beau Serge

Claude Chabrol was born on June 24, 1930 in Paris, France. He was a director and writer, known for Le Beau Serge (1958), La Cérémonie (1995) and Story of Women (1988). He was married to Aurore Chabrol, Stéphane Audran and Agnès Goute. He died on September 12, 2010 in Paris.

# Inspetor Bellamy (2009)

# Uma Garota Dividida em Dois (2007)

# A Comédia do Poder (2006)

# Negócios à Parte (1997)

# Ciúme - O Inferno do Amor Possessivo (1994)

# Madame Bovary (1991)

# Alice Ou a Última Fuga (1977)

# Os Primos (1959)

# Nas Garras do Vício (1958)

12. Clint Eastwood

Actor | Million Dollar Baby

Clint Eastwood was born May 31, 1930 in San Francisco, the son of Clinton Eastwood Sr., a manufacturing executive for Georgia-Pacific Corporation, and Ruth Wood, a housewife turned IBM operator. He had a comfortable, middle-class upbringing in nearby Piedmont. At school Clint took interest in music...

# J. Edgar (2011)

# Além da Vida (2010)

# Invictus (2009)

# Gran Torino (2008)

# A Troca (2008)

# Cartas de Iwo Jima (2006)

# Menina de Ouro (2004)

# Sobre Meninos e Lobos (2003)

# Dívida de Sangue (2002)

# Cowboys do Espaço (2000)

# Crime Verdadeiro (1999)

# Meia-Noite no Jardim do Bem e do Mal (1997)

# Poder Absoluto (1997)

# Mundo Perfeito, Um (1993)

# Imperdoáveis, Os (1992)

# Impacto Fulminante (1983)

# Raposa de Fogo (1982)

# Escalado para Morrer (1975)

# O Estranho Sem Nome (1973)

# Perversa Paixão (1971)

13. Claude Miller

Writer | Garde à vue

Claude Miller was born on February 20, 1942 in Paris, France. He was a writer and director, known for Garde à vue (1981), The Little Thief (1988) and A Secret (2007). He was married to Annie Miller. He died on April 4, 2012 in Paris.

# Therese D (2012)

14. Costa-Gavras

Director | Missing

Costa-Gavras was born on February 12, 1933 in Loutra-Iraias, Greece as Konstantinos Gavras. He is a director and writer, known for Missing (1982), Amen. (2002) and Z (1969). He has been married to Michèle Ray-Gavras since 1968. They have two children.

# O Capital (2012)

# Paraiso a Oeste (2009)

# O Corte (2005)

# O Quarto Poder (1997)

# Muito Mais que um Crime (1989)

# Atraiçoados (1988)

# Desaparecido - Um Grande Mistério (1982)

# Z (1969)

15. Daniel Burman

Writer | Dos hermanos

Daniel Burman was born on August 29, 1973 in Buenos Aires, Federal District, Argentina. He is a writer and director, known for Brother and Sister (2010), Waiting for the Messiah (2000) and Lost Embrace (2004).

# Dois Irmãos (2010)

16. Delbert Mann

Director | Marty

Delbert Mann, the Oscar-winning film director, was born Delbert Martin Mann Jr. in Lawrence, Kansas, in 1920. His father moved the family to Nashville, Tennesse, after taking a teaching position at Scarritt College. The young Mann graduated from Vanderbilt University, where he met his future wife, ...

# Desejo (1958)

# Volta Meu Amor (1961)

17. Don Siegel

Director | Dirty Harry

Don Siegel was educated at Cambridge University, England. In Hollywood from the mid-'30s, he began his career as an editor and second unit director. In 1945 he directed two shorts (Hitler Lives (1945) and Star in the Night (1945)) which both won Academy Awards. His first feature as a director was ...

# Fuga de Alcatraz (1979)

# O Telefone (1977)

# O Último Pistoleiro (1976)

# O Moinho Negro (1974)

# Homem Que Burlou a Máfia, O (1973)

# Perseguidor Implacável (1971)

# O Estranho Que Nós Amamos (1971)

# O Abutres Têm Fome (1970)

# Meu Nome é Coogan (1968)

# O Inferno é para os Heróis (1962)

# Vampiros de Almas (1956)

# Justiça Tardia (1946)

18. Douglas Sirk

Director | Schlußakkord

Film director Douglas Sirk, whose reputation blossomed in the generation after his 1959 retirement from Hollywood filmmaking, was born Hans Detlef Sierck on April 26, 1897, in Hamburg, Germany, to a journalist. Both of his parents were Danish, and the future director would make movies in German, ...

# Imitação da Vida (1959)

# Sinfonia Interrompida (1957)

# Almas Maculadas (1957)

# Palavras ao Vento (1956)

# Chamas Que Não se Apagam (1956)

# Tudo Que o Céu Permite (1955)

# Sublime Obsessão (1954)

# E o Noivo Voltou (1952)

19. Dario Argento

Writer | Profondo rosso

Dario Argento was born on September 7, 1940, in Rome, Italy, the first-born son of famed Italian producer Salvatore Argento and Brazilian fashion model Elda Luxardo. Argento recalls getting his ideas for filmmaking from his close-knit family from Italian folk tales told by his parents and other ...

# A Masão do Inferno (1980)

# O Gato de Nove Caudas (1971)

20. David Lynch

Writer | Twin Peaks

Born in precisely the kind of small-town American setting so familiar from his films, David Lynch spent his childhood being shunted from one state to another as his research scientist father kept getting relocated. He attended various art schools, married Peggy Lynch and then fathered future ...

# Império dos Sonhos (2006)

# Cidade dos Sonhos (2001)

# História Real (1999)

# Twin Peaks - Os Últimos Dias de Laura Palmer (1992)

# Coração Selvagem (1990)

# Veludo Azul (1986)

# Duna (1984)

# O Homem Elefante (1980)

# Eraserhead (1977)

21. David Mackenzie

Director | Perfect Sense

David Mackenzie was born on May 10, 1966 in Scotland. He is a director and producer, known for Perfect Sense (2011), Hell or High Water (2016) and Starred Up (2013).

Sentidos do Amor (2011)

22. Danny Boyle

Director | 127 Hours

Danny Boyle was born on October 20, 1956 in Manchester, England as Daniel Boyle. He is a director and producer, known for 127 Hours (2010), 28 Days Later... (2002) and Slumdog Millionaire (2008).

# Em Tanse (2013)

# 127 Horas (2010)

# Quem Quer Ser um Milionário? (2008)

# A Praia (2000)

# Por uma Vida Menos Ordinária (1997)

# Trainspotting - Sem Limites (1996)

# Cova Rasa (1994)

23. Darren Aronofsky

Director | Pi

Darren Aronofsky was born February 12, 1969, in Brooklyn, New York. Growing up, Darren was always artistic: he loved classic movies and, as a teenager, he even spent time doing graffiti art. After high school, Darren went to Harvard University to study film (both live-action and animation). He won ...

# Cisne Negro (2010)

# O Lutador (2008)

# Fonte da Vida (2006)

# Réquiem para um Sonho (2000)

# Pi (1998)

24. David Cronenberg

Director | The Fly

David Cronenberg, also known as the King of Venereal Horror or the Baron of Blood, was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1943. His father, Milton Cronenberg, was a journalist and editor, and his mother, Esther (Sumberg), was a piano player. After showing an inclination for literature at an early...

# Mapas para as Estrelas (2014)

25. David Frankel

Director | The Devil Wears Prada

David Frankel was born on April 2, 1959 in New York City, New York, USA. He is a producer and director, known for The Devil Wears Prada (2006), One Chance (2013) and Band of Brothers (2001).

# Um Divã para Dois (2013)

# O Grande Ano (2011)

# Marley e Eu (2008)

# O Diabo Veste Prada

26. David Gordon Green

Producer | Halloween

David Gordon Green was born on April 9, 1975 in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. He is a producer and director, known for Halloween (2018), Prince Avalanche (2013) and Joe (2013).

# Joe (2013)

27. David O. Russell

Writer | American Hustle

David Owen Russell is an American film writer, director, and producer, known for a cinema of intense, tragi-comedic characters whose love of life can surpass dark circumstances faced in very specific worlds. His films address such themes as mental illness as stigma or hope; invention of self and ...

# Trapaça (2013)

# O Lado Bom da Vida (2012)

# Três Reis (1999)

28. David Zucker

Writer | Airplane!

David Zucker was born on October 16, 1947 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. He is a writer and producer, known for Airplane! (1980), Scary Movie 4 (2006) and Top Secret! (1984). He has been married to Danielle Zucker since May 1997. They have two children.

# Todo Mundo em Pânico 4 (2006)

# Todo Mundo em Pânico 3 (2003)

# Corra Que a Polícia Vem Aí! 2½ (1991)

# Corra Que a Polícia Vem Aí! (1988)

# Top Secret - Superconfidencial (1984)

# Apertem os Cintos... O Piloto Sumiu! (1980)

29. Denis Villeneuve

Director | Blade Runner 2049

Denis Villeneuve is a French Canadian film director and writer. He was born in 1967, in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada. He started his career as a filmmaker at the National Film Board of Canada. He is best known for his feature films Arrival (2016), Sicario (2015), Prisoners (2013), Enemy (2013), ...

# Os Suspeitos (2013)

# O Homem Duplicado (2013)

30. Dino Risi

Director | Il sorpasso

Dino Risi became a movie director by chance. In 1940 he met Alberto Lattuada at a friend's boutique. Lattuada told him they needed an assistant director for the movie Piccolo mondo antico (1941). Risi accepted just for fun, not for work. Later, he became a psychiatrist and wrote some articles for a...

# Perfume de Mulher (1974)

# Aquele que Sabe Viver (1962)

31. D.W. Griffith

Director | Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages

David Wark Griffith was born in rural Kentucky to Jacob "Roaring Jake" Griffith, a former Confederate Army colonel and Civil War veteran. Young Griffith grew up with his father's romantic war stories and melodramatic nineteenth-century literature that were to eventually shape his movies. In 1897 ...

# Lírio Partido (1919)

32. Edgar G. Ulmer

Director | The Naked Dawn

Edgar G. Ulmer was born on September 17, 1904 in Olmütz, Moravia, Austria-Hungary as Edgar George Ulmer. He was a director and writer, known for The Naked Dawn (1955), Isle of Forgotten Sins (1943) and The Black Cat (1934). He was married to Shirley Ulmer and Joan Warner. He died on September 30, ...

# O Homem do Planeta X (1951)

O Gato Preto (1934)

33. Edward Dmytryk

Director | Crossfire

Edward Dmytryk grew up in San Francisco, the son of Ukrainian immigrants. After his mother died when he was 6, his strict disciplinarian father beat the boy frequently, and the child began running away while in his early teens. Eventually, juvenile authorities allowed him to live alone at the age ...

# Miragem (1965)

# Deuses Vencidos, Os (1958)

# A Árvore da Vida (1957)

# A Nave da Revolta (1954)

# Lança Partida (1954)

# O Preço de uma Vida (1949)

34. Edward D. Wood Jr.

Writer | Plan 9 from Outer Space

Hacks are nothing new in Hollywood. Since the beginning of the film industry at the turn of the 20th century, thousands of untalented people have come to Los Angeles from all over America and abroad to try to make it big (as writers, producers, directors, actors, talent agents, singers, composers, ...

# Plano 9 do Espaço Sideral (1959)

# A Noiva do Monstro (1955)

# Glen ou Glenda (1953)

35. Elia Kazan

Director | On the Waterfront

Known for his creative stage direction, Elia Kazan was born Elias Kazantzoglou on September 7, 1909 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey). Noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors, he directed 21 actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He ...

# O Último Magnata (1976) # Os Visitantes (1972) # Clamor do Sexo (1961) # Rio Violento (1960) # Boneca de Carne (1956) # Vidas Amargas (1955) # Sindicato de Ladrões (1954)

# Os Saltimbancos (1953) # Viva Zapata! (1952) # Uma Rua Chamada Pecado (1951) # Pânico Nas Ruas (1950) # O Que a Carne Herda (1949) # A Luz e Para Todos (1947) # Laços Humanos (1945)

36. Emir Kusturica

Director | Underground

A Serbian film director. Born in 1954 in Sarajevo. Graduated in film directing at the prestigious Academy of Performing Arts (FAMU) in Prague in 1978. During his studies, he was awarded several times for his short movies including Guernica (1978), which took first prize at the Student's Film ...

# Quando Papai Saiu em Viagem de Negócios (1985)

# Você Se Lembra de Dolly Bell? (1981)

37. Erich von Stroheim

Actor | Sunset Blvd.

Erich von Stroheim was born Erich Oswald Stroheim in 1885, in Vienna, Austria, to Johanna (Bondy), from Prague, and Benno Stroheim, a hatter from Gleiwitz, Germany (now Gliwice, Poland). His family was Jewish.

After spending some time working in his father's hat factory, he emigrated to America ...

# Esposas Ingênuas (1922)

38. Éric Rohmer

Director | Conte d'automne

Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, ...

# Conto de Outono (1998) # Conto de Verão (1996) # Conto de Inverno (1992) # Conto da Primavera (1990)

# Noites de Lua Cheia (1984)

# Um Casamento Perfeito (1982) # A Mulher do Aviador (1981) # Amor à Tarde (1972)

# O Joelho de Claire (1970)

# Minha Noite com Ela (1969)

# A Carreira de Suzanne (1963)

# A Padeira do Bairro (1963)

39. Ernst Lubitsch

Director | To Be or Not to Be

From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at ...

# O Diabo Disse Não (1943)

# A Boneca do Amor (1919)

40. Ethan Coen

Producer | The Ballad of Buster Scruggs

Ethan Coen was born on September 21, 1957 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA as Ethan Jesse Coen. He is a producer and writer, known for The Ballad of Buster Scruggs (2018), A Serious Man (2009) and Inside Llewyn Davis (2013). He has been married to Tricia Cooke since October 2, 1990. They have two ...

# Bravura Indômita (2010)

# Um Homem Sério (2009)

# Queime Depois de Ler (2008)

# Onde os Fracos Não Têm Vez (2007)

# Matadores de Velhinha (2004)

# O Homem Que Não Estava Lá (2001)

# E Aí, Meu Irmão, Cadê Você? (2000)

# O Grande Lebowski (1998)

# Fargo - Uma Comédia de Erros (1996)

# Na Roda da Fortuna (1994)

# Barton Fink - Delírios de Hollywood (1991)

# Ajuste Final (1990)

# Arizona Nunca Mais (1987)

# Gosto de Sangue (1984)

41. Franc Roddam

Writer | Moby Dick

Franc Roddam was born on April 29, 1946 in Norton, Stockton-on-Tees, Cleveland, England as Francis George Roddam. He is a writer and producer, known for Moby Dick (1998), Aria (1987) and Quadrophenia (1979).

# Ária (1987)

# Quadrophenia (1979)

42. Federico Fellini

Writer | Amarcord

The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the ...

# Histórias Extraordinárias (1968)

43. Felix van Groeningen

Director | Beautiful Boy

Felix van Groeningen was born in 1977 in Gent, Flanders, Belgium. He is a director and writer, known for Beautiful Boy (2018), The Broken Circle Breakdown (2012) and The Misfortunates (2009).

# Alabama Monroe (2012)

44. Fritz Lang

Actor | Le mépris

Fritz Lang was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1890. His father managed a construction company. His mother, Pauline Schlesinger, was Jewish but converted to Catholicism when Lang was ten. After high school, he enrolled briefly at the Technische Hochschule Wien and then started to train as a painter. ...

# Só a Mulher Peca (1952)

# A Volta de Frank James (1940)

45. Fernando Arrabal

Writer | Viva la muerte

Fernando Arrabal was born on August 11, 1932 in Melilla, Spanish Protectorate of Morocco, Spain. He is a writer and actor, known for Long Live Death (1971), The Tree of Guernica (1975) and I Will Walk Like a Crazy Horse (1973). He has been married to Luce Moreau since February 1, 1958.

Viva a Morte (1971)

46. Francis Ford Coppola

Producer | Apocalypse Now

Francis Ford Coppola was born in 1939 in Detroit, Michigan, but grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola (née Pennino), had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated ...

# Virgínia (2011)

# Dementia 13 (1963)

47. François Ozon

Director | Dans la maison

François Ozon was born on November 15, 1967 in Paris, France. He is a director and writer, known for In the House (2012), 8 Women (2002) and Swimming Pool (2003).

# Jovem e Bela (2013)

# Dentro dea Casa (2012)

# Potiche: Esposa Troféu (2010)

# Ricky (2009)

# Refúgio (2009)

# Angel (2007)

# O Tempo Que Resta (2005)

# Swimming Pool - À Beira da Piscina (2003)

# 8 Mulheres (2002)

48. François Truffaut

Writer | La nuit américaine

French director François Truffaut began to assiduously go to the movies at age seven. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who became his protector. Bazin helped the ...

# O Último Metrô (1980)

# Amor em Fuga (1979)

# O Quarto Verde (1978)

# O Homem que Amava as Mulheres (1977)

# Na Idade da Inocência (1976)

# A História de Adele H. (1975)

# A Noite Americana (1973)

# Duas Inglesas e o Amor (1971)

# Domicílio Conjugal (1970)

# A Garoto Selvagem (1970)

# A Noiva Estava de Preto (1968)

# Beijos Proibidos (1968)

# Fahrenheit 451 (1966)

# A Só Pecado (1964)

# Jules e Jim - Uma Mulher para Dois (1962)

# Antoine e Colette (1962)

# Atirem no Pianista (1960)

# Os Incompreendidos (1959)

# Os Pivetes (1957)

49. Frank Borzage

Director | No Greater Glory

Frank Borzage was born on April 23, 1894 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. He was an actor and director, known for No Greater Glory (1934), 7th Heaven (1927) and Bad Girl (1931). He was married to Juanita Scott, Edna Skelton and Rena Rogers. He died on June 19, 1962 in Hollywood, Los Angeles, ...

# Liliom (1930)

50. Frank Capra

Director | It's a Wonderful Life

One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you ...

# Dama por um Dia (1961)

# Os Viúvos Também Sonham (1959)

# Nada Além de um Desejo (1950)

# A Felicidade Não Se Compra (1946)

# Este Mundo é um Hospício (1944)

# Adorável Vagabundo (1941)

# A Mulher Faz o Homem (1939)

# O Galante Mr. Deeds (1936)

# Dama por um Dia (1933)

51. Frank Darabont

Writer | The Green Mile

Three-time Oscar nominee Frank Darabont was born in a refugee camp in 1959 in Montbeliard, France, the son of Hungarian parents who had fled Budapest during the failed 1956 Hungarian revolution. Brought to America as an infant, he settled with his family in Los Angeles and attended Hollywood High ...

Cine Majestic (2001)

À Espera de um Milagre (1999)

Um Sonho de Liberdade (1994)

52. Fred Zinnemann

Director | A Man for All Seasons

Initially grew up wanting to be a violinist, but while at the University of Vienna decided to study law. While doing so, he became increasingly interested in American film and decided that was what he wanted to do. He became involved in European filmaking for a short time before going to America to...

# Julia (1977)

# O Dia do Chacal (1973)

# O Homem que Não Vendeu Sua Alma (1966)

# O Velho e o Mar (1958)

# A Um Passo da Eternidade (1953)

# Matar ou Morrer (1952)

# Ato de Violência (1948)

53. F.W. Murnau

Director | Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

F.W. Murnau was a German film director. He was greatly influenced by Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Shakespeare and Ibsen plays he had seen at the age of 12, and became a friend of director Max Reinhardt. During World War I he served as a company commander at the eastern front and was in the German air ...

# A Última Gargalhada (1924)

54. Giuseppe De Santis

Writer | Caccia tragica

Giuseppe De Santis was born on February 11, 1917 in Fondi, Lazio, Italy. He was a writer and director, known for Tragic Hunt (1947), Days of Love (1954) and Bitter Rice (1949). He was married to Gordana Miletic. He died on May 16, 1997 in Rome, Lazio.

# Arroz Amargo (1949)

55. Gordon Douglas

Director | Them!

Starting out as a child actor, Gordon Douglas was eventually hired by Hal Roach as a gag writer. His first directorial assignments were for Roach's "Our Gang" series. Graduating to features, Douglas stayed with comedies, directing Oliver Hardy in Zenobia (1939) and both Hardy and Stan Laurel in ...

# Barquero (1970)

# A Mulher de Pedra (1968)

# O Mundo em Perigo (1954)

56. Grigoriy Chukhray

Director | Ballada o soldate

Studied at the Moscow Cinema Institute under Soviet film master Mikhail Romm. He found fame after his 1959 film "Ballad of a Soldier" which is considered one of the best Soviet war films and which has played all over the world.

# O Quadragésimo Primeiro (1956)

57. Gustav Machatý

Director | Ekstase

Gustav Machatý was born on May 9, 1901 in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (now the Czech Republic). His first experience with the motion picture industry was playing piano at movie theaters, accompanying silent pictures. In 1917, he made his debut as an actor.

In the early 1920s, he emigrated to ...

Êxtase (1933)

58. Gary Winick

Producer | Tadpole

Gary Winick was born on March 31, 1961 in New York City, New York, USA. He was a producer and director, known for Tadpole (2002), The Tic Code (1998) and Charlotte's Web (2006). He died on February 27, 2011 in New York City.

# Cartas para Julieta (2010)

# Noivas em Guerra (2009)

59. Garry Marshall

Director | Pretty Woman

Garry Marshall was born on November 13, 1934 in The Bronx, New York City, New York, USA as Garry Kent Maschiarelli. He was a writer and producer, known for Pretty Woman (1990), The Princess Diaries (2001) and Happy Days (1974). He was married to Barbara Marshall. He died on July 19, 2016 in Los ...

# Noite de Ano Novo (2011)

# Idas e Vindas do Amor (2010)

# Noiva em Fuga (1999)

# Uma Linda Mulher (1990)

# Flamingo Kid (1984)

60. Gaspar Noé

Director | Climax

Gaspar Noé was born on December 27, 1963 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He is a director and producer, known for Climax (2018), Irréversible (2002) and Enter the Void (2009).

# Enter The Void (2009)

61. George Cukor

Director | My Fair Lady

George Cukor was born on July 7, 1899 in Lower East Side, Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA as George Dewey Cukor. He is known for his work on My Fair Lady (1964), The Philadelphia Story (1940) and Les Girls (1957). He died on January 24, 1983 in Beverly Grove, Los Angeles, California, USA.

# Ricas e Famosas (1981)

# Justine (1969)

# Minha Bela Dama (1964)

# Sede de Viver (1956)

# Nasce uma Estrela (1954)

# Demônio de Mulher (1954)

# Nascida Ontem (1950)

# A Costela de Adão (1949)

# Fatalidade (1947)

...E o Vento Levou (1939)

# As Mulheres (1939)

# Dama das Camélias (1936)

# Jantar às Oito (1933)

62. George Stevens

Director | Giant

George Stevens, a filmmaker known as a meticulous craftsman with a brilliant eye for composition and a sensitive touch with actors, is one of the great American filmmakers, ranking with John Ford, William Wyler and Howard Hawks as a creator of classic Hollywood cinema, bringing to the screen ...

# A Maior História de Todos os Tempos (1965)

# O Diário de Anne Frank (1959)

# Assim Caminha a Humanidade (1956)

# os Brutos Também Amam (1953)

# Um Lugar ao Sol (1951)

# Gunga Din (1939)

63. Giuseppe Tornatore

Writer | La migliore offerta

Giuseppe Tornatore was born on May 27, 1956 in Bagheria, Sicily, Italy. He is a writer and director, known for The Best Offer (2013), The Legend of 1900 (1998) and Cinema Paradiso (1988).

# Baaria - A Porta do Vento (2009)

# Malena (2000)

# A Lenda do Pianista do Mar (1998)

# Uma Simples Formalidade (1994)

# Estamos Todos Bem (1990)

# Cinema Paradiso (1988)

64. Gordon Parks

Director | The Learning Tree

The pre-eminent American photojournalist of sub-Saharan descent. An acclaimed photographer for Life magazine from the late 40s through late 60s, he turned to directing films, his second of which, the blaxploitation movie Shaft (1971), achieved success at the box office. In 1989 his first film ...

# Shaft (1971)

65. Gore Verbinski

Director | Rango

Gore Verbinski, one of American cinema's most inventive directors who was a punk-rock guitarist as a teenager and had to sell his guitar to buy his first camera, is now the director of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006) which made the industry record for highest opening weekend of ...

# O Cavaleiro Solitário (2013)

66. Gregg Araki

Writer | Mysterious Skin

Gregg Araki was born on December 17, 1959 in Los Angeles, California, USA. He is a writer and director, known for Mysterious Skin (2004), White Bird in a Blizzard (2014) and Kaboom (2010).

# Kaboom (2010)

# Geração Maldita (1995)

67. Guillaume Nicloux

Director | L'enlèvement de Michel Houellebecq

Guillaume Nicloux was born on August 3, 1966. He is a director and writer, known for The Kidnapping of Michel Houellebecq (2014), Thalasso (2019) and To the Ends of the World (2018).

68. Guillermo del Toro

Writer | El laberinto del fauno

Guillermo del Toro was born October 9, 1964 in Guadalajara Jalisco, Mexico. Raised by his Catholic grandmother, del Toro developed an interest in filmmaking in his early teens. Later, he learned about makeup and effects from the legendary Dick Smith (The Exorcist (1973)) and worked on making his ...

# Círculo de Fogo (2013)

69. Gus Van Sant

Director | Elephant

Gus Van Sant was born on July 24, 1952 in Louisville, Kentucky, USA as Gus Greene Van Sant Junior. He is a director and producer, known for Elephant (2003), My Own Private Idaho (1991) and Drugstore Cowboy (1989).

# Terra Prometida (2012)

# Inquietos (2011)

# Milk - A Voz da Igualdade (2008)

# Paranoid Park (2007)

# Últimos Dias (2005)

# Elefante (2003)

# Psicose (1998)

# Um Sonho Sem Limites (1995)

# Drugstore Cowboy (1989)

70. Guy Ritchie

Director | Sherlock Holmes

Guy Ritchie was born in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK on September 10, 1968. After watching Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) as a child, Guy realized that what he wanted to do was make films. He never attended film school, saying that the work of film school graduates was boring and ...

# Sherlock Holmes: O Jogo de Sombras (2011)

# Sherlock Holmes (2009)

# RocknRolla - A Grande Roubada (2008)

# Revólver (2005)

# Snatch - Porcos e Diamantes (2000)

# Jogos, Trapaças e Dois Canos Fumegantes (1998)

71. Hal Ashby

Editor | In the Heat of the Night

Hal Ashby was born the fourth and youngest child in a Mormon household, in Ogden, Utah, to Eileen Ireta (Hetzler) and James Thomas Ashby, on September 2, 1929. His father was a dairy farmer. After a rough childhood that included the divorce of his parents, his father's suicide, his dropping out of ...

Morrer Mil Vezes (1986)

# Muito Além do Jardim (1979)

# Amargo Regresso (1978)

# Esta Terra é Minha Terra (1976)

# Shampoo (1975)

# Ensina-me a Viver (1971)

# Amor sem Barreiras (1970)

72. Hal Hartley

Director | Trust

Hal Hartley is an American filmmaker, writer, director, producer, and composer who has made twelve feature films since 1988. Popularly associated with the American independent filmmaking scene of the early nineties, he went on to write and direct such films as No Such Thing (2001) for United ...

# Fay Grim (2006)

# Beatrice e o Monstro (2001)

# As Confissões de Henry Fool (1997)

# Flerte (1995)

73. Hal Roach

Director | One Million B.C.

Hal Roach was born in 1892 in Elmira, New York. After working as a mule skinner, wrangler and gold prospector, among other things, he wound up in Hollywood and began picking up jobs as an extra in comedies, where he met comedian Harold Lloyd in 1913 in San Diego. By all accounts, including his own,...

# Um Ocidental Oriental (1920)

74. Howard Hawks

Director | Red River

What do the classic films Scarface (1932), Twentieth Century (1934), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and Rio Bravo (1959) have in...

# El Dorado (1966)

# Hatari! (1962)

# Os Homens Preferem as Loiras (1953)

# O Inventor da Mocidade (1952)

# Rio Vermelho (1948)

# Uma Aventura na Martinica (1944)

# Sargento York (1941)

# Levada da Breca (1938)

75. Hans Weingartner

Director | Die fetten Jahre sind vorbei

Hans Weingartner was born on November 2, 1977 in Feldkirch, Vorarlberg, Austria. He is a director and writer, known for The Edukators (2004), The White Sound (2001) and 303 (2018).

# A Cabana (2011)

# Edukators (2004)

76. Henri-Georges Clouzot

Writer | Le salaire de la peur

Beginning his film career as a screenwriter, Henri-Georges Clouzot switched over to directing and in 1943 had the distinction of having his film Le Corbeau (1943) banned by both the German forces occupying France and the Free French forces fighting them, but for different reasons. He shot to ...

# As Diabolicas (1955)

77. Henry Hathaway

Director | True Grit

Henry Hathaway, son of a stage actress and manager, started his career as a child actor in westerns directed by Allan Dwan. His movie career was interrupted by World War I. After his discharge he briefly tried a career in finance but returned to Hollywood to work as an assistant director under such...

# O Parceiro do Diabo (1971)

# Aeroporto (1970)

# Bravura Indômita (1969)

# Poquer de Sangue (1968)

# Servidão Humana (1964)

# Príncipe Valente (1954)

# Envolto nas Sombras (1946)

# A Casa da Rua 92 (1945)

# O Filho dos Deuses (1940)

# Heróis Esquecidos (1939)

78. Henry King

Director | The Song of Bernadette

For more than three decades, Henry King was the most versatile and reliable (not to mention hard-working) contract director on the 20th Century-Fox lot. His tenure lasted from 1930 to 1961, spanning most of Hollywood's "golden" era. King was renowned as a specialist in literary adaptations (A Bell ...

# O Velho e o Mar (1958)

# E Agora Brilha o Sol (1957)

# Suplício de uma Saudade (1955)

# Almas em Chamas (1949)

# A Canção de Bernadette (1943)

79. Henry Koster

Director | Harvey

Henry Koster was born Herman Kosterlitz in Berlin, Germany, on May 1, 1905. His maternal grandfather was a famous operatic tenor Julius Salomon (who died of tuberculosis in the 1880s). His father was a salesman of ladies unmentionables who left the family while Henry was at a young age, leaving him...

# A Rainha Tirana (1955)

# Eu Te Matarei, Querida! (1952)

80. Hugh Hudson

Director | Chariots of Fire

Hugh Hudson was born on August 25, 1936 in London, England. He is a director and producer, known for Chariots of Fire (1981), Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes (1984) and The Tortoise and the Hare (1966). He has been married to Maryam d'Abo since November 2003. He was previously ...

# Greystoke - A Lenda de Tarzan (1984)

81. Ingmar Bergman

Writer | Smultronstället

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions (1992) is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions (1996) is the ...

# Saraband (2003)

# Depois do Ensaio (1984)

# Fanny e Alexander (1982)

# Da Vida das Marionetes (1980)

# Sonata de Outono (1978)

# O Ovo da Serpente (1977)

# Face a Face (1976)

# Cenas de um Casamento (1973)

# Gritos e Sussurros (1972)

# Vergonha (1968)

# Persona - Quando Duas Mulheres Pecam (1966)

# Para Não Falar de Todas Essas Mulheres (1964)

# Luz de Inverno (1963)

# O Silêncio (1963)

# Através de um Espelho (1961)

# O olho do Diabo (1960)

# A Fonte da Donzela (1960)

# No Limiar da Vida (1958)

# O Rosto (1958)

# Morangos Silvestres (1957)

# O Sétimo Selo (1957)

# Mônica e o Desejo (1953)

# Juventude (1951)

# Rumo à Felicidade (1950)

# Crise (1946)

82. Ivan Reitman

Producer | Up in the Air

Ivan Reitman, as a producer and director, has created many of American cinema's most successful and best loved feature film comedies and has worked with Hollywood's acting elite. Reitman has produced such hits as the ground-breaking sensation National Lampoon's National Lampoon's Animal House (1978)...

# Sexo Sem Compromisso (2011)

# Seis Dias, Sete Noites (1998)

# Junior (1994)

# Dave - Presidente por um Dia (1993)

* Um Tira no Jardim de Infância (1990)

# Os Caça-Fantasmas 2 (1989)

# Irmãos Gêmeos (1988)

# os Caça-Fantasmas (1984)

83. Jacques Deray

Director | On ne meurt que deux fois

Jacques Deray was born on February 19, 1929 in Lyon, Rhône, France as Jacques Desrayaud. He was a director and writer, known for He Died with His Eyes Open (1985), Borsalino (1970) and The Corrupt (1963). He was married to Agnès Vincent-Deray and Nicole Jones. He died on August 9, 2003 in ...

# A Piscina (1969)

84. Jacques Rivette

Director | La belle noiseuse

Although François Truffaut has written that the New Wave began "thanks to Rivette," the films of this masterful French director are not well known. Rivette, like his "Cahiers du Cinéma" colleagues Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and Éric Rohmer, did graduate to filmmaking but, like Rohmer...

# Quem Sabe? (2001)

# A Religiosa (1966)

85. Jack Clayton

Producer | The Innocents

Jack Clayton was born on March 1, 1921 in Brighton, East Sussex, England. He was a producer and director, known for The Innocents (1961), Screen Two (1985) and The Bespoke Overcoat (1955). He was married to Haya Harareet, Katherine Kath and Christine Norden. He died on February 26, 1995 in Slough, ...

# O Grande Gatsby (1974)

# Os Inocentes (1961)

86. Jacques Tourneur

Director | Out of the Past

Born in Paris in 1904, Tourneur went to Hollywood with his father, director Maurice Tourneur around 1913. He started out as a script clerk and editor for his father, then graduated to such jobs as directing shorts (often with the pseudonym Jack Turner), both in France and America. He was hired to ...

# Farsa Trágica (1963)

87. Jean-Pierre Melville

Actor | À bout de souffle

The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its ...

# O Samurai (1967)

88. Jerzy Kawalerowicz

Director | Pociag

Jerzy Kawalerowicz was born on January 19, 1922 in Gwozdziec, Stanislawowskie, Poland. He was a director and writer, known for Night Train (1959), Mother Joan of the Angels (1961) and Smierc prezydenta (1977). He was married to Malgorzata Dipont, Maria Güntner and Lucyna Winnicka. He died on ...

# Trem noturno (1959)

# Madre Joana dos Anjos (1961)

89. John Cromwell

Director | The Prisoner of Zenda

Actor / director John Cromwell was born December 23, 1887, in Toledo, OH. He made his Broadway debut on October 14, 1912, in Marian De Forest's adaptation of Louisa May Alcott's "Little Women" at the Playhouse Theatre. The show was a hit, running for a total of 184 performances. Cromwell appeared ...

# Desde que Partiste (1944)

90. Joseph Losey

Director | The Servant

Belonging to an important family clan in Wisconsin, Joseph Losey studied philosophy but was always interested in theater and thus worked together with Bertolt Brecht. After directing some shorts for MGM, he made his first important film, The Boy with Green Hair (1948), for RKO. While he was filming ...

# O Ctriado (1963)

# Eva (1962)

# A Sombrada Forca (1957)

# O Menino dos Cabelos Verdes (1948)

# M - O Vampiro de Dusseldorf (1931)

91. J.A. Bayona

Director | El orfanato

J.A. Bayona was born on May 9, 1975 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain as Juan Antonio García Bayona. He is a director, known for The Orphanage (2007), The Impossible (2012) and A Monster Calls (2016).

# O Impossível (2012)

92. Jacques Audiard

Writer | De rouille et d'os

Born in Paris, France, in 1952. Jacques Audiard's family has always been involved in movie business. His father, Michel, was a popular screenwriter and director and his uncle a producer. But in his teens he refused that world and wanted to be a teacher. He studied literature and philosophy at the ...

# Ferrugem e osso (2012)

# O Profeta (2009)

# De Tanto Bater, Meu Coração Parou (2005)

93. Jacques Doillon

Director | Ponette

Jacques Doillon was born on March 15, 1944 in Paris, France. He is a director and writer, known for Ponette (1996), The Little Gangster (1990) and Young Werther (1993).

# A Vadia (1979)

94. Jafar Panahi

Director | Taxi

Jafar Panahi (Born 11 July 1960) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, and film editor, commonly identified with the Iranian New Wave film movement. After several years of making short films and working as an assistant director for fellow Iranian film-maker Abbas Kiarostami, Panahi achieved ...

# Isto Não é um Filme (2010)

# O Circulo (2000)

95. James Cameron

Writer | Avatar

James Francis Cameron was born on August 16, 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada. He moved to the United States in 1971. The son of an engineer, he majored in physics at California State University before switching to English, and eventually dropping out. He then drove a truck to support his ...

# Avatar (2009)

# Titanic (1997)

# True Lies (1994)

# Exterminador do Futuro 2 - O Julgamento Final, O (1991)

# O Segredo do Abismo (1989)

# Aliens - O Resgate (1986)

# O Exterminador do Futuro (1984)

# Piranhas II - Assassinas Voadoras (1981)

96. James Foley

Director | At Close Range

James Foley was born on December 28, 1953 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York, USA. He is a director and writer, known for At Close Range (1986), Glengarry Glen Ross (1992) and House of Cards (2013).

# O Corruptor (1999)

97. James Gray

Director | The Immigrant

Writer/director James Gray made his first film Little Odessa (1994) at the age of twenty-five. The film, which starred Tim Roth, Edward Furlong, Vanessa Redgrave and Maximilian Schell, received critical acclaim and was the winner of the Venice Film Festival's prestigious Silver Lion Award in 1994.

...

# A Imigrante (2013)

98. James Mangold

Producer | Logan

James Mangold is an American film and television director, screenwriter and producer. Films he has directed include Girl, Interrupted (1999), Walk the Line (2005), which he also co-wrote, the 2007 remake 3:10 to Yuma (2007), The Wolverine (2013), and Logan (2017).

Mangold also wrote and directed Cop...

# Wolverine - Imortal (2013)

99. James Wan

Writer | Saw

James Wan (born 26 February 1977) is an Australian film producer, screenwriter and film director of Malaysian Chinese descent. He is widely known for directing the horror film Saw (2004) and creating Billy the puppet. Wan has also directed Dead Silence (2007), Death Sentence (2007), Insidious (2010)...

# Invocação do Mal (2013)

# Sobrenatural: Capítulo 2 (2013)

# Sobrenatural (2010)

# Jogos Mortais (2004)

100. Jean-Luc Godard

Director | Pierrot le fou

Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...

# Film Socialisme (2010)

# Nossa Música (2004)

# Infelizmente para Mim (1993)

# Ária" (1987)

# Rei Lear (1987)

# Detetive (1985)

# Je vous salue, Marie (1985)

# Carmen de Godard (1983)

# Paixão (1982)

# Gaia Ciência, A (1969)

# Sympathy for the Devil (1968)

# A Chinesa (1967)

# Weekend à Francesa (1967)

# Masculino, Feminino (1966)

# Alphaville (1965)

# O Demônio das Onze Horas (1965)

# Bande à Part (1964)

# O PEqueno Soldade (1963)

# O Desprezo (1963)

# Acossado (1960)



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